School of Earth and Environment

Dr Tomasz Stawski

Marie Curie Fellow

Telephone number: +44(0) 113 34 35225
Email address:
Room: 9.128



PhD (Materials Science)

University of Twente in Eneschede, the Netherlands

MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, the Netherlands

Supervisors: prof. dr. ir. Johan E. ten Elshof and prof. dr. ing. Dave H.A. Blank

Title of the dissertation: “Understanding microstructural properties of perovskite ceramics through their wet-chemical synthesis” (ISBN: 978-90-365-3303-4)


MSc, MSE (Master of Science and Engineer, Materials Science: nano- and supramolecular structures) (graduated with the highest scores possible)

Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland

Faculty of Chemistry together with the Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science

Supervisors: prof. dr. hab. Janusz Szklarzewicz

Title of the thesis: “Synthesis and characterization of the cyano-bridged bimetallic coordination polymeric thin ï¬lms deposited on a copper substrate”


Wet-chemical synthesis of inorganic materials (sol-gel, precipitation and solvothermal routes)

Scattering/diffraction methods and crystallography (SAXS, XRD)

Electron microscopy (TEM, SEM)

Spectroscopy (FTIR, FTRS, UV-Vis, EELS and EDS/WDS)

Research Interests

My research interests in general concern wet-chemical synthesis and colloidal processing of inorganic materials. In particular metal carbonates, oxalates, and binary and tertiary metal oxides. In particular, I specialize in the determination of the relationships between early processing stages of the wet-chemical process (when the amorphous species are formed in the solvent environment), and the influence of these early stages onto the microstructure and nucleation of the crystalline materials under out-of-equilibrium conditions (e.g. upon drying) or upon high-temperature processing.

Currently, I work as a Post-doctoral Fellow (Experienced Resaercher, ER) within the Marie Curie MINSC ITN. The goal of my project is to derive molecular level knowledge regarding the effect and role of organic inhibitors (sulphonates and phosphonates) on the formation of calcium carbonates and oxalates. The precipitation of these phases induce scaling problems which affect the life-time of feed pipes (i.e., pipe clogging, corrosion, etc.) and thus reduce flow performance and efficiency in a variety of industrial processes (i.e., oil and food production). The aim of this project is to use state-of-the-art synchrotron-based scattering and diffraction techniques (Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering, SAXS/WAXS) to follow the nucleation and growth of these phases in the absence and presence of the inhibitors and as a function of changing pH, saturation and T conditions. The synchrotron dataset is complemented by high-resolution microscopy (Field Emission Gun – Scanning Electron Microscopy, FEG-SEM / High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, HR-TEM), as well as infrared spectroscopy.


Stawski, T.M., Benning, L.G. (2013) SAXS in Inorganic and Bioinspired Research. Methods in Enzymology 532, 2013, 95-113. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-416617-2.00005-9

Besselink, R., Stawski, T.M., Castricum, H.L., ten Elshof, J.E. (2013). Evolution of microstructure in mixed niobia-hybrid silica thin films from sol-gel precursors. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 404,(published 2013, 24-35. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.04.031

Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Goebel, O. F., Podstawka-Proniewicz, E., & ten Elshof, J. E. (2012). Electron microscopy study of intragranular nanoporosity and the occurrence of local structural disorder in cubic BaTiO3 nanopowders from alkoxideñhydroxide precipitation process. Ceramics International, 38(8), 6911-6917. doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.05.017

Stawski, T. M., Vijselaar, W. J. C., Goebel, O. F., Veldhuis, S. A., Smith, B. F., Blank, D. H. A., ten Elshof, J. E. (2012). Influence of high temperature processing of solñgel derived barium titanate thin films deposited on platinum and strontium ruthenate coated silicon wafers. Thin Solid Films, 520(13), 4394-4401. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2012.02.029

Stawski, T. M., Besselink, R., Veldhuis, S. A., Castricum, H. L., Blank, D. H., & ten Elshof, J. E. (2012). Time-resolved small angle X-ray scattering study of sol-gel precursor solutions of lead zirconate titanate and zirconia.. J Colloid Interface Sci, 369(1), 184-192. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2011.12.033

George, A., Stawski, T. M., Unnikrishnan, S., Veldhuis, S. A., & ten Elshof, J. E. (2012). Micro and nanopatterning of functional materials on flexible plastic substrates via site-selective surface modification using oxygen plasma. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 22(2), 328-332. Retrieved from

Gobel, O. F., Stawski, T. M., & ten Elshof, J. E. (2012). Thin films of two functional oxides patterned laterally by soft lithography.. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 4(1), 40-43. doi:10.1021/am201474t

Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Besselink, R., Castricum, H. L., Portale, G., Blank, D. H. A., . . . ten Elshof, J. E. (2011). Nanostructure Development in Alkoxide-Carboxylate-Derived Precursor Films of Barium Titanate. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(1), 425-434. doi:10.1021/jp209607w

Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Besselink, R., Castricum, H. L., Portale, G., Blank, D. H. A., . . . ten Elshof, J. E. (2011). Correction to ìNanoscale Structure Evolution in AlkoxideñCarboxylate SolñGel Precursor Solutions of Barium Titanateî. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115(48), 24028. doi:10.1021/jp2102012

Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Besselink, R., Castricum, H. L., Portale, G., Blank, D. H. A., . . . ten Elshof, J. E. (2011). Nanoscale Structure Evolution in AlkoxideñCarboxylate SolñGel Precursor Solutions of Barium Titanate. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115(42), 20449-20459. doi:10.1021/jp206572q

Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Castricum, H. L., Keim, E. G., Eeckhaut, G., Bras, W., . . . ten Elshof, J. E. (2011). Development of Nanoscale Inhomogeneities during Drying of SolñGel Derived Amorphous Lead Zirconate Titanate Precursor Thin Films. Langmuir, 27(17), 11081-11089. doi:10.1021/la201905t

Besselink, R., Stawski, T. M., Castricum, H. L., Blank, D. H. A., & ten Elshof, J. E. (2010). Exfoliation and Restacking of Lepidocrocite-type Layered Titanates Studied by Small-Angle X-ray Scattering. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(49), 21281-21286. doi:10.1021/jp108687q

Göbel, O. F., Branfield, T. E., Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Blank, D. H. A., & Elshof, J. E. T. (2010). Stacks of Functional Oxide Thin Films Patterned by Micromolding. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2(11), 2992-2994. doi:10.1021/am100795j

Stawski, T. M., Veldhuis, S. A., Gˆbel, O. F., Ten Elshof, J. E., & Blank, D. H. A. (2010). Effects of Reaction Medium on the Phase Synthesis and Particle Size Evolution of BaTiO3. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 93(10), 3443-3448. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2010.03827.x

Stawski, T., Szklarzewicz, J., Kotarba, A., & Stelmachowski, P. (2009). The modifications of copper work function by layer-by-layer deposition of [W(CN)8]4− ñ Co2+ bimetallic nanolayers. Polyhedron, 28(3), 473-478. doi:10.1016/j.poly.2008.11.036

Stawski, T., Szklarzewicz, J., & LewiÅ„ski, K. (2006). The Transition Products in Substitutional Photochemistry of [Mo(CN)8]4− ñ Theoretical Approach. X-ray Crystal Structure of (AsPh4)[W(bpy)(CN)6]. Transition Metal Chemistry, 31(3), 353-361. doi:10.1007/s11243-005-6416-x