School of Earth and Environment

Andrew McCaig Dr Andrew McCaig

Senior Lecturer: Structural Geology and Geochemistry; Admissions & Marketing Co-ordinator

Telephone number: +44(0) 113 34 35219
Email address: a.m.mccaig@leeds.ac.uk
Room: 9.110

Affiliation: Institute of Geophysics and Tectonics

Biography

I was born in Sheffield, England and have a BA (Natural Sciences) from Cambridge, an MSc from the University of Western Ontario and gained a PhD from Cambridge in 1983 working on shear zones in the Pyrenees. After a brief period as a lecturer at Dundee University I have been at Leeds since 1984.

Research interests

My research is in the fields of structural geology, tectonics and geochemistry, and for many years I worked on fluid flow in shear zones and thrust faults in the Pyrenees and Alps, using isotopes and fluid inclusions to trace fluid pathways and the SEM to constrain permeability generation mechanisms at the micro scale. For the last ten years I have been interested in ocean floor hydrothermal systems and detachment faulting at slow spreading ridges, sailing on cruise JR63 to the 15N area of the Atlantic and on IODP leg 304 which started the deepest hole so far drilled in young (< 2 million years) ocean floor. I have strong collaborative links with the hydrothermal modelling group at the Institute de Physique du Globe in Paris and am an Adjunct Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Current projects

  • A NERC-supported project is investigating the thermal evolution of oceanic core complexes, linking this to hydrothermal circulation and the tectonics of the recently discovered "detachment mode" of seafloor spreading at slow-spreading ridges.
  • I took part in IODP Expedition 345 to Hess Deep in the East Pacific ocean, and am engaged in studying fault-related alteration in the gabbroic lower crustal rocks we collected, using Sr, O and B isotopes.
  • I am a scientist and co-proponent on IODP Expedition 357, http://www.eso.ecord.org/expeditions/357/357.php This aims to drill a series of 50-100 m long cores in the top of the Atlantis Massif near the Lost City hydrothermal field, using a sea bottom corer.
  • An ongoing project is looking at mechanisms of fluid flow in the oceanic crust and in particular permeability generated by metamorphic reactions. This project makes use of new SEM and electron probe equipment at Leeds

Teaching

I teach tectonics, geological maps and structural geology at various levels in the undergraduate programme. I also lead a final year field course to Cyprus and regularly supervise student field projects in the Pyrenees.

Other roles

I am recruitment and marketing co-ordinator for the School and manage the extremly successful year abroad programmes in the School, which I was instrumental in setting up 15 years ago. I am a member of the University Senate. In the past I have been Earth Sciences Admissions Tutor and was Deputy Head of School for four years up till the end of 2009. I am a member of the NERC Peer Review which evaluates research proposals from British scientists in Earth and Environmental Science

Publications

  • Früh-Green GL; Orcutt BN; Green S; Cotterill C; McCaig AM; Expedition 357 Scientists (2017) Atlantis Massif Serpentinization and Life. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, 357, .
  • Prasannakumar V; McCaig A (2016) Reactivation and strain localisation in Bhavani shear zone, South India, Journal of the Geological Society of India, 88, pp.421-432. doi: 10.1007/s12594-016-0505-7
  • Titarenko SS; Mccaig AM (2016) Modelling the Lost City hydrothermal field: Influence of topography and permeability structure, Geofluids, 16, pp.314-328. doi: 10.1111/gfl.12151
  • Früh-Green GL; Orcutt BN; Green S; Cotterill C; McCaig AM; Expedition 357 Scientists (2016) Expedition 357 Preliminary Report: Atlantis Massif Serpentinization and Life, International Ocean Discovery Program Preliminary reports, . doi: 10.14379/iodp.pr.357.2016
  • Cann J; Mccaig AM; Yardley BWD (2015) Rapid generation of reaction permeability in the roots of black smoker systems, Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus, Geofluids, 15, pp.179-192. doi: 10.1111/gfl.12117
  • Castelain T; McCaig AM; Cliff RA (2014) Fluid evolution in an Oceanic Core Complex: a fluid inclusion study from IODP hole U1309 D - Atlantis Massif, 30°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15, pp.1193-1214. doi: 10.1002/2013GC004975
  • Gillis KM; Snow JE; Klaus A; Abe N; Adrião AB; Akizawa N; Ceuleneer G; Cheadle MJ; Faak K; Falloon TJ; Friedman SA; Godard M; Guerin G; Harigane Y; Horst AJ; Hoshide T; Ildefonse B; Jean MM; John BE; Koepke J; MacHi S; Maeda J; Marks NE; McCaig AM; Meyer R; Morris A; Nozaka T; Python M; Saha A; Wintsch RP (2014) Primitive layered gabbros from fast-spreading lower oceanic crust, Nature, 505, pp.204-207. doi: 10.1038/nature12778
  • Gillis KM; Snow JE; Klaus A; Guerin G; Abe N; Akizawa N; Ceuleneer G; Cheadle MJ; De BritoAdrião Á; Faak K; Falloon TJ; Friedman SA; Godard MM; Harigane Y; Horst AJ; Hoshide T; Ildefonse B; Jean MM; John BE; Koepke JH; Machi S; Maeda J; Marks NE; McCaig AM; Meyer R; Morris A; Nozaka T; Python M; Saha A; Wintsch RP; Berenguer J-L; Gebbels S; Kurtz N; Bertoli M; Brandt L; Bronk K; Fisher E; Gorgas T; Hastedt M; Peter CS; Breadley S; Malone W; Bronk T; Broyles C; Crawford W; Crowder L; Fackler D; Fulton T; Furman C; Gjesvold R; Grigar K; Hodge M; Hornbacher D; Mills W; Storms M; Trefethen A; Van Rensburg G (2014) Hess deep plutonic crust: exploring the plutonic crust at a fast-spreading ridge: new drilling at Hess Deep, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program: Preliminary Reports, pp.1-89.
  • Blackman D; Slagle A; Harding A; Guerin G; McCaig A (2013) Iodp expedition 340t: Borehole Logging at Atlantis Massif Oceanic Core Complex, Scientific Drilling, pp.31-35. doi: 10.2204/iodp.sd.15.04.2013
  • McCaig AM; Harris M (2012) Hydrothermal circulation and the dike-gabbro transition in the detachment mode of slow seafloor spreading, GEOLOGY, 40, pp.367-370. doi: 10.1130/G32789.1
  • Blackman DK; Ildefonse B; John BE; Ohara Y; Miller DJ; Abe N; Abratis M; Andal ES; Andreani M; Awaji S; Beard JS; Brunelli D; Charney AB; Christie DM; Collins J; Delacour AG; Delius H; Drouin M; Einaudi F; Escartin J; Frost BR; Fruh-Green G; Fryer PB; Gee JS; Godard M; Grimes CB; Halfpenny A; Hansen HE; Harris AC; Tamura A; Hayman NW; Hellebrand E; Hirose T; Hirth JG; Ishimaru S; Johnson KTM; Karner GD; Linek M; MacLeod CJ; Maeda J; Mason OU; McCaig AM; Michibayashi K; Morris A; Nakagawa T; Nozaka T; Rosner M; Searle RC; Suhr G; Tominaga M; von der Handt A; Yamasaki T; Zhao X (2011) Drilling constraints on lithospheric accretion and evolution at Atlantis Massif, Mid-Atlantic Ridge 30 degrees N, J GEOPHYS RES-SOL EA, 116, . doi: 10.1029/2010JB007931
  • McCaig AM; Delacour A; Fallick AE; Castelain T; Früh-Green GL (2010) Detachment Fault Control on Hydrothermal Circulation Systems: Interpreting the Subsurface Beneath the TAG Hydrothermal Field Using the Isotopic and Geological Evolution of Oceanic Core Complexes in the Atlantic, In: Rona PA; Devey CW; Dyment J; Murton BJ (Ed) Diversity of Hydrothermal Systems on Slow Spreading Ocean Ridges, AGU Geophysical Monograph, 108, AGU, pp.207-240.
  • Beard JS; Frost BR; Fryer P; McCaig A; Searle R; Ildefonse B; Zinin P; Sharma SK (2009) Onset and Progression of Serpentinization and Magnetite Formation in Olivine-rich Troctolite from IODP Hole U1309D, J PETROL, 50, pp.387-403. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egp004
  • Frost BR; Beard JS; McCaig A; Condliffe E (2008) The formation of micro-rodingites from IODP hole U1309D: Key to understanding the process of serpentinization, J PETROL, 49, pp.1579-1588. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egn038
  • McCaig AM; Cliff RA; Escartin J; Fallick AE; MacLeod CJ (2007) Oceanic detachment faults focus very large volumes of black smoker fluids, GEOLOGY, 35, pp.935-938. doi: 10.1130/G23657A.1
  • Huang ZL; Cheng X; McCaig A; Liu CQ; Wu J; Xu D; Li WB; Guan T; Xiao HY (2007) REE geochemistry of fluorite from the Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, China: Implications for the source of ore-forming fluids, ACTA GEOL SIN-ENGL, 81, pp.622-636.
  • Ildefonse B; Blackman DK; John BE; Ohara Y; Miller DJ; MacLeod CJ; McCaig AM; Shipboard Scientific Party A (2007) Oceanic core complexes and crustal accretion at slow spreading ridges, Geology, 35, pp.623-626.
  • McCaig A; Covey-Crump SJ; Ben Ismail W; Lloyd GE (2007) Fast diffusion along mobile grain boundaries in calcite, CONTRIB MINERAL PETR, 153, pp.159-175. doi: 10.1007/s00410-006-0138-8
  • Ildefonse B; Blackman D; John BE; Ohara Y; Miller DJ; MacLeod CJ; Blackman D; Ildefonse B; John BE; Ohara Y; Miller DJ; MacLeod CJ; Abe N; Abratis M; Andal ES; Andréani M; Awaji S; Beard JS; Brunelli D; Charney AB; Christie DM; Delacour AG; Delius H; Drouin M; Einaudi F; Escartin J; Frost BR; Fryer PB; Gee JS; Godard M; Grimes CB; Halfpenny A; Hansen HE; Harris AC; Hasebe AT; Hayman NW; Hellebrand E; Hirose T; Hirth JG; Ishimaru S; Johnson KTM; Karner GD; Linek M; Maeda J; Mason OU; McCaig AM; Michibayashi K; Morris A; Nakagawa T; Nozaka T; Rosner M; Searle RC; Suhr G; Tominaga M; von der Handt A; Yamasaki T; Zhao X (2006) IODP expeditions 304 & 305 characterize the lithology, structure, and alteration of an oceanic core complex, Scientific Drilling, 1, pp.4-11. doi: 10.2204/iodp.sd.3.01.2006
  • Blackman DK; Ildefonse B; John BE; Ohara Y; MacLeod CJ; McCaig AM; Shipboard Scientific Party A (2005) Oceanic Core Complex Formation, Atlantis Massif, .
  • Escartin J; Mevel C; MacLeod CJ; McCaig AM (2003) Constraints on deformation conditions and the origin of oceanic detachments: The Mid-Atlantic Ridge core complex at 15 degrees 45 ' N, GEOCHEM GEOPHY GEOSY, 4, . doi: 10.1029/2002GC000472
  • Woodward J; Murray T; McCaig A (2003) Reply: Formation and reorientation of structure in the surge-type glacier Kongsvegen, Svalbard, J QUATERNARY SCI, 18, pp.99-100. doi: 10.1002/jqs.736
  • McCaig AM (2003) Review of Stuwe, K. Geodynamics of the Lithosphere, Eos, 84, pp.pp.221.
  • MacLeod CJ; Escartin J; Banerji D; Banks GJ; Gleeson M; Irving DHB; Lilly RM; McCaig AM; Niu YL; Smith DK (2003) Direct evidence for oceanic detachment faulting at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 15°45'N: Reply, .
  • MacLeod CJ; Escartin J; Banerji D; Banks GJ; Gleeson M; Irving DHB; Lilly RM; McCaig AM; Niu Y; Allerton S; Smith DK (2002) Direct geological evidence for oceanic detachment faulting: The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 15°45′N, Geology, 30, pp.879-882. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2002)030<0879:DGEFOD>2.0.CO;2
  • MacLeod CJ; Escartin J; Banerji D; Banks GJ; Gleeson M; Irving DHB; Lilly RM; McCaig AM; Niu YL; Allerton S; Smith DK (2002) Direct geological evidence for oceanic detachment faulting: The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 15 degrees 45 ' N, GEOLOGY, 30, pp.879-882.
  • Badertscher NP; Abart R; Burkhard M; McCaig A (2002) Fluid flow pathways along the glarus overthrust derived from stable and Sr-isotope patterns, AM J SCI, 302, pp.517-547.
  • Woodward J; Murray T; McCaig A (2002) Formation and reorientation of structure in the surge-type glacier Kongsvegen, Svalbard, J QUATERNARY SCI, 17, pp.201-209.
  • McCaig AM; Wayne DM; Rosenbaum JM (2000) Fluid expulsion and dilatancy pumping during thrusting in the Pyrenees: Pb and Sr isotope evidence, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 112, pp.1199-1208. doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(2000)112<1199:FEADPD>2.0.CO;2
  • McCaig AM; Tritlla J; Banks DA (2000) Fluid mixing and recycling during Pyrenean thrusting: evidence from fluid inclusion halogen ratios, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64, pp.3395-3412.
  • Wibberley CAJ; McCaig AM (2000) Quantifying orthoclase and albite muscovitisation sequences in fault zones, Chemical Geology, 165, pp.181-196.
  • McCaig AM (2000) Major and trace element diffusion in Ti-amphibole rich peridotite mylonites beneath the Bay of Islands ophiolite complex, Newfoundland, pp.pp.161.
  • McCaig AM; Wayne DM; Rosenbaum JM (2000) When do thrusts suck?, .
  • Cooper J; McCaig AM; Rutter EH; Lloyd GE (2000) Microstructural development and Sr-tracer diffusion in experimental calcite studies, pp.pp.260.
  • Guest R; McCaig AM; Graham CM (2000) Retrograde dolomitisation of marble, pp.pp.10.
  • McCaig AM; Wayne DM; Rosenbaum JM (2000) Fluid expulsion and dilatancy pumping during thrusting in the Pyrenees: Pb and Sr isotope evidence, Geological Society of America. Bulletin, 112, pp.1199-1208.
  • McCaig AM; Guest R; Graham C; Banks DA (2000) Generation of permeability in metamorphic rocks by reaction with basinal brines: dolomitisation in the SW Highlands of Scotland, Goldschmidt 2000, 5, pp.pp.684.
  • McCaig AM; Tritlla J; Banks DA (2000) Fluid flow patterns during Pyrenean thrusting, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 69/70, pp.539-543.
  • McCaig AM; Fanlo I; Henderson IHC; Subias I; Verges J; Cendon D (2000) Fieldtrip F1: Fluid flow in the Pyreneean thrust belt, .
  • Wayne DM; McCaig AM (1998) Dating fluid flow in shear zones: Rb-Sr and U-Pb studies of syntectonic veins in the Neouvielle Massif, Pyrenees, In: Parnell J (Ed) Dating and duration of fluid flow and fluid-rock interaction, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 144, Geological Society Publishing House, pp.129-135.
  • McCaig AM (1998) Fluid flow mechanisms in mylonites: evidence from microcracks, In: Snoke; W A; Tullis; W J; Todd; R V (Ed) Fault-related rocks: a photographic atlas, Princeton University Press, pp.210-211.
  • McCaig AM (1998) Fluid flow mechanisms in mylonites: evidence from compositional zoning patterns, In: Snoke; W A; Tullis; W J; Todd; R V (Ed) Fault-related rocks: a photographic atlas, Princeton University Press, pp.208-209.
  • McCaig AM; Gong LY (1998) Fluid flow in mylonites: pervasive and channelised flow in carbonates, In: Snoke; W A; Tullis; W J; Todd; R V (Ed) Fault-related rocks: a photographic atlas, Princeton University Press, pp.212-213.
  • McCaig AM (1997) The geochemistry of volatile fluid flow in shear zones, In: Holness MB (Ed) Deformation-enhanced fluid transport in the Earth's crust, Mineralogical Society Series, 8, Mineralogical Society, pp.227-266.
  • Henderson IHC; McCaig AM (1996) Fluid pressure and salinity variations in shear zone-related veins, central Pyrenees, France: implications for the fault-valve model, Tectonophysics, 262, pp.321-348.
  • McCaig AM; Wayne DM; Marshall JD; Banks D; Henderson I (1995) Isotopic and fluid inclusion studies of fluid movement along the Gavarnie Thrust, central Pyrenees: reaction fronts in carbonate mylonites, American Journal of Science, 295, pp.309-343.
  • Knipe RJ; McCaig AM (1994) Microstructural and microchemical consequences of fluid flow in deforming rocks, Geological Society Special Publication, 78, pp.99-111. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1994.078.01.09
  • Banks DA; Da Vies GR; Yardley BWD; McCaig AM; Grant NT (1991) The chemistry of brines from an Alpine thrust system in the Central Pyrenees: An application of fluid inclusion analysis to the study of fluid behaviour in orogenesis, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 55, pp.1021-1030. doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(91)90160-7
  • McCaig AM; Wickham SM; Taylor HP (1990) Deep fluid circulation in alpine shear zones, Pyrenees, France: field and oxygen isotope studies, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 106, pp.41-60. doi: 10.1007/BF00306407
  • McCaig AM; Knipe RJ (1990) Mass-transport mechanisms in deforming rocks: recognition using microstructural and microchemical criteria, Geology, 18, pp.824-827. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1990)018<0824:MTMIDR>2.3.CO
  • Grant NT; Banks DA; McCaig AM; Yardley BWD (1990) Chemistry, source and behavior of fluids involved in alpine thrusting of the central Pyrenees, Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, pp.9123-9131.
  • McCaig AM (1989) Fluid flow through fault zones, Nature, 340, pp.600.
  • McCaig A (1989) Vector of fault bends and intersecting faults: Reply, Journal of Structural Geology, 11, pp.506-508. doi: 10.1016/0191-8141(89)90028-X
  • McCaig AM (1988) Deep fluid circulation in fault zones, Geology, 16, pp.867-870. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0867:DFCIFZ>2.3.CO;2
  • McCaig AM (1988) Deep geology of the Pyrenees, Nature, 331, pp.480-481.
  • McCaig AM (1988) Deep fluid circulation in fault zones, Geology, 16, pp.867-867. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0867:DFCIFZ>2.3.CO;2
  • McCaig A (1988) Vector analysis of fault bends and intersecting faults, Journal of Structural Geology, 10, pp.121-124. doi: 10.1016/0191-8141(88)90134-4
  • McCaig AM (1987) Deformation and fluid-rock interaction in metasomatic dilatant shear bands, Tectonophysics, 135, pp.121-132. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(87)90156-9
  • McCaig AM; Miller JA (1986) 40Ar-39Ar age of mylonites along the Merens Fault, central Pyrenees, Tectonophysics, 129, pp.149-172. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(86)90250-7
  • McCaig A (1986) Thick- and thin-skinned tectonics in the Pyrenees, Tectonophysics, 129, pp.319-342. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(86)90259-3
  • McCaig AM; Wickham SM (1984) The tectonic evolution of the pyrenees: A workshop, Journal of the Geological Society, 141, pp.379-381. doi: 10.1144/gsjgs.141.2.0379
  • Kemp AES; McCaig AM (1984) Origins and significance of rocks in an imbricate thrust zone beneath the Pindos ophiolite, northwestern Greece, Geological Society Special Publication, 17, pp.569-580. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1984.017.01.44
  • McCAIG AM (1984) Fluid‐rock interaction in some shear zones from the Pyrenees, Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 2, pp.129-141. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.1984.tb00292.x
  • McCaig AM (1983) P-T conditions during emplacement of the Bay of Islands ophiolite complex, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 63, pp.459-473. doi: 10.1016/0012-821X(83)90118-8