School of Earth and Environment

Alan Haywood Professor Alan Haywood

Professor of Palaeoclimate Modelling; UK National Centre for Atmospheric Science PI (Palaeoclimate); Director of Research and Innovation

Telephone number: +44(0) 113 34 38657
Email address: earamh@leeds.ac.uk
Room: 8.107

Link to personal page

Biography

Google Scholar

I am currently Professor of Palaeoclimate Modelling within the Institute of Climate & Atmospheric Science and the Earth Surface Science Institute, School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds. I earned my Ph.D. in numerical climate modelling and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in 2001 from the University of Reading and have worked on modelling past climate and environmental change since that time. My research focuses on the reconstruction of past climates (particularly for the Cenozoic) and on evaluating the outputs of advanced numerical climate models (GCMs) against proxy climate and environmental data.

Research Interests

My research interests are multidisciplinary as well as holistic. They are focussed on the reconstruction of Earth's environmental/climatic history, the assessment of our ability to model it, and the use of this information to examine potential scenarios for future climate change. Some highlights of my research include:

  • Exploration of the importance of vegetation climate feedbacks in palaeoclimate modelling exercises
  • Examination of ocean temperature responses during past greenhouse climates
  • Prediction of ENSO behaviour during past warm intervals
  • Reconstruction of Cretaceous climate dynamics using a limited area climate model
  • Assessment of equator to pole temperature gradients during the past and implied changes in atmospheric versus oceanic heat transport

My particular area of expertise is in the synthesis of global palaeoclimate proxy data and then the use of this data as prescribed boundary conditions within a model, or as a validation tool for model predictions. In essence my research niche is to provide an interface between climate modellers and earth scientists. Numerical climate models are currently at the forefront in the quest to predict accurately the dynamics and consequences of future climate change. It is necessary to test the robustness of output produced by such models through comparison to palaeoclimate proxy data. The importance of developing data sets of boundary conditions to initially force and then evaluate palaeoclimate modelling experiments has clearly been demonstrated by the CLIMAP, COHMAP, GLARMAP, PRISM & GEACEP initiatives. Data from one locality is of little use in evaluating model output or for developing a full understanding of past climate dynamics. However, once data has been properly synthesised across a region or globe its usefulness, in conjunction with climate model simulations, is immense. This research field is dynamic and continuing to grow significantly in importance. The techniques used in data synthesis and data/model comparison studies are applicable to any time slice of the geological record. The international importance of research which investigates past climate history and aims to understand the interactive physical, chemical and biological processes that regulate the total Earth system, is underlined by global initiatives such as the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and Past Global Changes Core Project (PAGES).

Current Projects

  • Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project - Phase 2 (international collaborative project)
  • PlioGate - Pliocene gateways and ocean circulation (NERC funded)
  • Can models reproduce climates of the past? (The Leverhulme Trust)
  • Pliocene constraints on Earth System Sensitivity (ERC Consolidator Grant)
  • Implementing oxygen isotopes in UKESM-1 (NCAS funded)

Current PhD Students

  • James Pope: Quantifying uncertainty in simulations of Pliocene climate
  • Fergus Howell: the role of sea-ice in Pliocene polar amplification
  • Caroline Prescott: Understanding Pliocene climate variability
  • Jamie Lakin: Ocean circulation during the Miocene and Pliocene
  • Joanna Hall: Did extreme seasonality in Cenozoic and Cretaceous climates influence the evolution of marine and terrestrial biotas in Antarctica

Publications

  • Hill DJ; Haywood AM; Hunter SJ; Lunt DJ; Bragg FJ; Contoux C; Ramstein G; Jost A; Stepanek C; Lohmann G; Sohl L; Chandler MA; Rosenbloom NA; Otto-Bliesner BL; Chan W-L; Abe-Ouchi A; Kamae Y; Ueda H; Zhang Z (2014) Evaluating the dominant components of warming in Pliocene climate simulations, Climate of the Past, 10, pp.79-90. doi: 10.5194/cp-10-79-2014
  • Pound MJ; Salzmann U; Tindall J; Pickering SJ; Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ (2014) Late Pliocene lakes and soils: A global data set for the analysis of climate feedbacks in a warmer world, Climate of the Past, 10, pp.167-180. doi: 10.5194/cp-10-167-2014
  • Bradshaw CD; Lunt DJ; Flecker R; Salzmann U; Pound MJ; Haywood AM; Eronen JT (2014) Erratum: The relative roles of CO and palaeogeography in determining late Miocene climate: Results from a terrestrial model-data comparison" published in (Climate of the Past (2012) 8 (1257-1285)), Climate of the Past, 10, pp.199-206. doi: 10.5194/cp-10-199-2014
  • Howell FW; Haywood AM; Dolan AM; Francis JE; Hill DJ; Pickering SJ; Pope JO; Dowsett HJ; Salzmann U; Wade BS (2014) Can uncertainties in sea ice albedo reconcile patterns of data-model discord for the Pliocene and 20th/21st centuries?, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, pp.2011-2018. doi: 10.1002/2013GL058872
  • Prescott CL; Haywood AM; Dolan AM; Hunter SJ; Pope JO; Pickering SJ (2014) Assessing orbitally-forced interglacial climate variability during the mid-Pliocene Warm Period, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 400, pp.261-271. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.05.030
  • Goldobin DS; Brilliantov NV; Levesley J; Lovell MA; Rochelle CA; Jackson PD; Rees JG; Haywood AM; Hunter SJ (2014) Non-Fickian diffusion and the accumulation of methane bubbles in deep-water sediments, European Physical Journal E, 37, . doi: 10.1140/epje/i2014-14045-x
  • Haywood AM; Hill DJ; Dolan AM; Pickering SJ; Otto-Bliesner BL; Rosenbloom NA; Bragg F; Lunt DJ; Chan W-L; Abe-Ouchi A; Chandler MA; Sohl L; Contoux C; Ramstein G; Jost A; Dowsett HJ; Kamae Y; Ueda H; Lohmann G; Stepanek C; Salzmann U; Yan Q; Zhang Z (2013) Large-scale features of Pliocene climate: Results from the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project, Climate of the Past, 9, pp.191-209. doi: 10.5194/cp-9-191-2013
  • Levinsky I; Araújo MB; Nogués-Bravo D; Rahbek C; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ (2013) Climate envelope models suggest spatio-temporal co-occurrence of refugia of African birds and mammals, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22, pp.351-363. doi: 10.1111/geb.12045
  • Hunter SJ; Haywood AM; Goldobin DS; Ridgwell A; Rees JG (2013) Sensitivity of the global submarine hydrate inventory to scenarios of future climate change, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 367, pp.105-115. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.02.017
  • Dowsett HJ; Foley KM; Stoll DK; Riesselman CR; Robinson MM; Strother SL; Chandler MA; Sohl LE; Jonas JA; Bentsen M; Nisancioglu KH; Zhang Z; Otto-Bliesner BL; Rosenbloom NA; Bragg FJ; Lunt DJ; Chan W-L; Abe-Ouchi A; Contoux C; Ramstein G; Jost A; Dolan AM (2013) Sea surface temperature of the mid-piacenzian ocean: A data-model comparison, Scientific Reports, 3, . doi: 10.1038/srep02013
  • Hunter SJ; Haywood AM; Goldobin DS; Ridgwell A; Rees JG (2013) Erratum to "Sensitivity of the global submarine Hydrate inventory to scenarios of future climate change" (DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.02.017), Earth and Planetary Science Letters, . doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.07.014
  • Zhang Z-S; Nisancioglu KH; Chandler MA; Sohl LE; Haywood AM; Dolan AM; Hill DJ; Otto-Bliesner BL; Rosenbloom NA; Ramstein G; Stepanek C; Contoux C; Lohmann G; Abe-Ouchi A; Chan W-L; Lunt DJ; Bragg FJ; Jost A; Kamae Y; Ueda H (2013) Mid-pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation not unlike modern, Climate of the Past, 9, pp.1495-1504. doi: 10.5194/cp-9-1495-2013
  • Hunter SJ; Haywood AM; Goldobin DS; Ridgwell A; Rees JG (2013) Erratum to "Sensitivity of the global submarine Hydrate inventory to scenarios of future climate change", Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 375, pp.450-450. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.07.014
  • Zhang R; Jiang D; Yan Q; Zhang ZS; Otto-Bliesner BL; Rosenbloom NA; Haywood AM; Hill DJ; Dolan AM; Stepanek C; Lohmann G; Contoux C; Ramstein G; Jost A; Bragg F; Chan C-L; Abe-Ouchi A; Chandler MA; Sohl L; Kamae Y; Ueda H (2013) Mid-Pliocene East Asian monsoon climate simulated in the PlioMIP, Climate of the Past, 9, pp.2085-2099. doi: 10.5194/cp-9-2085-2013
  • Salzmann U; Dolan AM; Haywood AM; Chan W-L; Voss J; Hill DJ; Abe-Ouchi A; Otto-Bliesner B; Bragg FJ; Chandler MA; Contoux C; Dowsett HJ; Jost A; Kamae Y; Lohmann G; Lunt DJ; Pickering SJ; Pound MJ; Ramstein G; Rosenbloom NA; Sohl L; Stepanek C; Ueda H; Zh (2013) Challenges in Reconstructing Terrestrial Warming of the Pliocene Revealed by Data-Model Discord, Nature Climate Change, 3, pp.969-974. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2008
  • Haywood AM; Dolan AM; Pickering SJ; Dowsett HJ; McClymont EL; Prescott CL; Salzmann U; Hill DJ; Hunter SJ; Lunt DJ; Pope JO; Valdes PJ (2013) On the identification of a Pliocene time slice for data-model comparison., Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci, 371, pp.20120515. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0515
  • Hunter SJ; Haywood AM; Francis JE; Valdes PJ; Pound MJ (2013) Modelling equable climates of the Late Cretaceous: Can new boundary conditions resolve data-model discrepancies?, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 392, pp.41-51. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.08.009
  • Lunt DJ; Ridgwell A; Sagoo N; Stone EJ; Valdes P; Elderfield H; Pancost R; Foster GL; Haywood A; Kiehl J; Shields C (2013) Warm climates of the past-a lesson for the future?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 371, . doi: 10.1098/rsta.2013.0146
  • Bowman VC; Francis JE; Riding JB; Hunter SJ; Haywood AM (2012) A latest Cretaceous to earliest Paleogene dinoflagellate cyst zonation from Antarctica, and implications for phytoprovincialism in the high southern latitudes, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 171, pp.40-56. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.11.004
  • Dolan AM; Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ (2012) Climate model simulations of the mid-Pliocene: Earth's last great interval of global warmth, Eos, 93, pp.18-18.
  • Lunt DJ; Haywood AM; Schmidt GA; Salzmann U; Valdes PJ; Dowsett HJ; Loptson CA (2012) On the causes of mid-Pliocene warmth and polar amplification, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 321-322, pp.128-138.
  • Francis JE; Haywood AM; Hill DJ; Markwick PJ; McDonald C (2012) Environmental Change in the Gological Record, In: Matthews et al. JA (Ed) The SAGE Handbook of Environmental Change, 1, SAGE Publications Ltd, pp.160-180.
  • Pound MJ; Haywood AM; Salzmann U; Riding JB (2012) Global vegetation dynamics and latitudinal temperature gradients during the Mid to Late Miocene (15.97-5.33Ma), Earth-Science Reviews, 112, pp.1-22. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.02.005
  • McClymont EL; Ganeshram RS; Pichevin LE; Talbot HM; van Dongen BE; Thunell RC; Haywood AM; Singarayer JS; Valdes PJ (2012) Sea-surface temperature records of Termination 1 in the Gulf of California: Challenges for seasonal and interannual analogues of tropical Pacific climate change, PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, 27, . doi: 10.1029/2011PA002226
  • Dowsett HJ; Robinson MM; Stoll DK; Foley KM; Riesselman CR; Haywood AM; Hill DJ; Dolan AM; Chan W-L; Abe-Ouchi A; Chandler MA; Rosenbloom NA; Otto-Bliesner BL; Bragg FJ; Lunt DJ (2012) Assessing confidence in Pliocene sea surface temperatures to evaluate predictive models, Nature Climate Change, 2, pp.365-371. doi: 10.1038/nclimate1455
  • Bradshaw CD; Lunt DJ; Flecker R; Salzmann U; Pound MJ; Haywood AM; Eronen JT (2012) Erratim: The relative roles of CO and palaeogeography in determining late Miocene climate: Results from a terrestrial model-data comparison (Climate of the Past (2012) 8 (1257-1285)), Climate of the Past, 8, pp.1301-1307. doi: 10.5194/cp-8-1301-2012
  • Bradshaw CD; Lunt DJ; Flecker R; Salzmann U; Pound MJ; Haywood AM; Eronen JT (2012) The relative roles of CO2 and palaeogeography in determining late Miocene climate: results from a terrestrial model-data comparison, CLIMATE OF THE PAST, 8, pp.1257-1285. doi: 10.5194/cp-8-1257-2012
  • Bragg FJ; Lunt DJ; Haywood AM (2012) Mid-Pliocene climate modelled using the UK Hadley Centre Model: PlioMIP Experiments 1 and 2, GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 5, pp.1109-1125. doi: 10.5194/gmd-5-1109-2012
  • Hill DJ; Haywood AM; Lunt DJ; Otto-Bliesner BL; Harrison SP; Braconnot P (2012) Paleoclimate modeling: an integrated component of climate change science, pp.103.
  • Haywood AM; Ridgwell A; Lunt DJ; Hill DJ; Pound MJ; Dowsett HJ; Dolan AM; Francis JE; Williams M (2011) Are there pre-Quaternary geological analogues for a future greenhouse gas-induced global warming?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, pp.933-956. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0317
  • Zalasiewicz J; Williams W; Haywood AM; Ellis M (2011) The Anthropocene: a new epoch of geological time?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, pp.835-841. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0339
  • Scroxton N; Bonham SJ; Rickaby REM; Lawrence SHF; Hermoso M; Haywood AM (2011) Persistent El Niño-Southern Oscillation variation during the Pliocene Epoch, Paleoceanography, 26, . doi: 10.1029/2010PA002097
  • Robinson MM; Valdes PJ; Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Hill DJ; Jones SM (2011) Bathymetric controls on Pliocene North Atlantic and Arctic sea surface temperature and deepwater production, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 309, pp.92-97. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.01.004
  • Dowsett HJ; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Robinson MM; Lunt DJ; Hill DJ; Stoll DK; Foley KM (2011) Sea Surface Temperatures of the Mid-Piacenzian Warm Period: A Comparison of PRISM3 and HadCM3, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 309, pp.83-91. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.03.016
  • Dolan AM; Haywood AM; Hill DJ; Dowsett HJ; Hunter SJ; Lunt DJ; Pickering SJ (2011) Sensitivity of Pliocene ice sheets to orbital forcing, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309, pp.98-110. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.03.030
  • Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Robinson MM; Stoll DK; Dolan AM; Lunt DJ; Otto-Bliesner B; Chandler MA (2011) Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project(PlioMIP): experimental design and boundary conditions (Experiment 2)., Geoscientific Model Development, 4, pp.571-577. doi: 10.5194/gmd-4-571-2011
  • Pope JO; Collins M; Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Hunter SJ; Lunt DJ; Pickering SJ; Pound MJ (2011) Quantifying Uncertainty in Model Predictions for the Pliocene (Plio-QUMP): Initial Results, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309, pp.128-140. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.05.004
  • Salzmann U; Williams M; Haywood AM; Johnson AAL; Kender S; Zalasiewicz J (2011) The climate and environment of a Pliocene warm world, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309, pp.1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.05.044
  • Pound MJ; Haywood AM; Salzmann U; Riding JB (2011) A Tortonian (Late Miocene, 11.61-7.25 Ma) global vegetation reconstruction, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 300, pp.29-45. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.11.029
  • Dolan AM; Koenig SJ; Hill DJ; Haywood AM; DeConto RM (2011) Pliocene Ice Sheet Modelling Intercomparison Project (PLISMIP) - experimental design, Geoscientific Model Development, 5, pp.963-974. doi: 10.5194/gmd-5-963-2012
  • Lorenzen ED; Nogues-Bravo D; Orlando L; Weinstock J; Binladen J; Marske KA; Ugan A; Borregaard MK; Gilbert MTP; Nielsen R; Ho SYW; Goebel T; Graf KE; Byers D; Stenderup JT; Rasmussen M; Campos PF; Leonard JA; Koepfli KP; Froese D; Zazula G; Stafford Jr TW (2011) Species-specific responses of Late Quaternary megafauna to climate and humans, Nature, . doi: 10.1038/nature10574
  • Lunt DJ; Ridgwell A; Sluijs A; Zachos J; Hunter S; Haywood AM (2011) A model for orbital pacing of methane hydrate destabilization during the Palaeogene, Nature Geoscience, . doi: 10.1038/ngeo1266
  • Zalasiewicz J; Williams M; Haywood A; Ellis M (2011) The anthropocene: A new epoch of geological time?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369, pp.835-841.
  • Scroxton N; Bonham SG; Rickaby REM; Lawrence SHF; Hermoso M; Haywood AM (2011) Persistent El Niño-Southern Oscillation variation during the Pliocene Epoch, Paleoceanography, 26, .
  • Haywood AM; Ramstein G; Abe-Ouchi A (2011) Comparing structurally different climate models in a paleoenvironmental context, Eos, 92, pp.180-180.
  • Williams M; Nelson AE; Smellie JL; Leng MJ; Johnson ALA; Jarram DR; Haywood AM; Peck VL; Zalasiewicz J; Bennett C (2010) Sea ice extent and seasonality for the Early Pliocene northern Weddell Sea, PALAEOGEOGR PALAEOCL, 292, pp.306-318. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.04.003
  • Lunt DJ; Valdes PJ; Dunkley Jones T; Ridgwell A; Haywood AM; Schmidt DN; Marsh R; Maslin M (2010) CO2-driven ocean circulation changes as an amplifier of Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum hydrate destabilization, GEOLOGY, 38, pp.875-878. doi: 10.1130/G31184.1
  • Dowsett H; Robinson M; Haywood A; Salzmann U; Hill D; Sohl L; Chandler M; Williams M; Foley K; Stoll D (2010) The PRISM3D paleoenvironmental reconstruction, STRATIGRAPHY, 7, pp.123-139.
  • Clark N; Williams M; Okamura B; Smellie J; Nelson A; Knowles T; Taylor P; Leng M; Zalasiewicz J; Haywood A (2010) Early Pliocene Weddell Sea seasonality determined from bryozoans, STRATIGRAPHY, 7, pp.199-206.
  • Hill DJ; Dolan AM; Haywood AM; Hunter SJ; Stoll DK (2010) Sensitivity of the Greenland Ice Sheet to Pliocene sea surface temperatures, STRATIGRAPHY, 7, pp.111-121.
  • Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Otto-Bliesner B; Chandler MA; Dolan AM; Hill DJ; Lunt DJ; Robinson MM; Rosenbloom N; Salzmann U (2010) Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP): experimental design and boundary conditions (Experiment 1), GEOSCI MODEL DEV, 3, pp.227-242.
  • Lunt DJ; Haywood AM; Schmidt GA; Salzmann U; Valdes PJ; Dowsett HJ (2010) Earth system sensitivity inferred from Pliocene modelling and data, NAT GEOSCI, 3, pp.60-64. doi: 10.1038/NGEO706
  • Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Valdes PJ; Lunt DJ; Francis JE; Sellwood BW (2009) Introduction. Pliocene climate, processes and problems, PHILOS T R SOC A, 367, pp.3-17. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0205
  • Haywood AM; Chandler MA; Valdes PJ; Salzmann U; Lunt DJ; Dowsett HJ (2009) Comparison of mid-Pliocene climate predictions produced by the HadAM3 and GCMAM3 General Circulation Models, GLOBAL PLANET CHANGE, 66, pp.208-224. doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.12.014
  • Williams M; Haywood AM; Harper EM; Johnson ALA; Knowles T; Leng MJ; Lunt DJ; Okamura B; Taylor PD; Zalasiewicz J (2009) Pliocene climate and seasonality in North Atlantic shelf seas, PHILOS T R SOC A, 367, pp.85-108. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0224
  • Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Otto-Bliesner B; Chandler MA; Dolan AM; Hill DJ; Lunt DJ; Robinson MM; Rosenbloom N; Salzmann U; Sohl LE (2009) Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP): experimental design and boundary conditions (Experiment 1), GEOSCI MODEL DEV, 2, pp.1215-1244.
  • Gohl K; Haywood A (2009) International viewpoint and news, ENVIRON GEOL, 56, pp.1249-1250. doi: 10.1007/s00254-008-1622-4
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Dowsett HJ (2009) Dedication: Prof. Bruce William Sellwood (1946-2007) OBITUARY, PHILOS T R SOC A, 367, pp.19-20. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0208
  • Lawrence KT; Herbert TD; Brown CM; Raymo ME; Haywood AM (2009) High-amplitude variations in north atlantic sea surface temperature during the early pliocene warm period, Paleoceanography, 24, .
  • Bonham SG; Haywood AM; Lunt DJ; Collins M; Salzmann U (2009) El Nino-Southern Oscillation, Pliocene climate and equifinality, PHILOS T R SOC A, 367, pp.127-156. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0212
  • Smellie JL; Haywood AM; Hillenbrand CD; Lunt DJ; Valdes PJ (2009) Nature of the Antarctic Peninsula Ice Sheet during the Pliocene: Geological evidence and modelling results compared, EARTH-SCI REV, 94, pp.79-94. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2009.03.005
  • Lunt DJ; Haywood AM; Foster GL; Stone EJ (2009) The Arctic cryosphere in the Mid-Pliocene and the future, PHILOS T R SOC A, 367, pp.49-67. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0218
  • Lawrence KT; Herbert TD; Brown CM; Raymo ME; Haywood AM (2009) High-amplitude variations in North Atlantic sea surface temperature during the early Pliocene warm period, PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, 24, . doi: 10.1029/2008PA001669
  • Salzmann U; Haywood AM; Lunt DJ (2009) The past is a guide to the future? Comparing Middle Pliocene vegetation with predicted biome distributions for the twenty-first century, PHILOS T R SOC A, 367, pp.189-204. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0200
  • Knowles T; Taylor PD; Williams M; Haywood AM; Okamura B (2009) Pliocene seasonality across the North Atlantic inferred from cheilostome bryozoans, PALAEOGEOGR PALAEOCL, 277, pp.226-235. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.04.006
  • Haywood AM (2009) Pliocene Climates, In: Gornitz V (Ed) Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, Earth Sciences Series, Springer.
  • Lunt DJ; Flecker R; Valdes PJ; Salzmann U; Gladstone R; Haywood AM (2008) A methodology for targeting palaeo proxy data acquisition: A case study for the terrestrial late Miocene, EARTH PLANET SC LETT, 271, pp.53-62. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.03.035
  • Haywood AM; Smellie JL; Ashworth A; Cantrill DJ; Florindo F; Hambrey MJ; Hill DJ; Hillenbrand CD; Hunter SJ; Larter RD; Lear CH; Passchier S; van de Wal R (2008) The Middle Miocene to Pliocene record of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, In: Florindo F; Siegert M (Ed) Antarctic Climate Evolution, Developments in Earth & Environmental Science, 8, Elsevier.
  • Salzmann U; Haywood AM; Lunt DJ; Valdes PJ; Hill DJ (2008) A new global biome reconstruction and data-model comparison for the Middle Pliocene, GLOBAL ECOL BIOGEOGR, 17, pp.432-447. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2008.00381.x
  • Florindo F; Nelson AE; Haywood AM (2008) Introduction to 'Antarctic cryosphere and Southern Ocean climate evolution (Cenozoic-Holocene)', PALAEOGEOGR PALAEOCL, 260, pp.1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.12.001
  • Lunt DJ; Valdes PJ; Haywood A; Rutt IC (2008) Closure of the Panama Seaway during the Pliocene: implications for climate and Northern Hemisphere glaciation, CLIM DYNAM, 30, pp.1-18. doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0265-6
  • Haywood AM; Smellie JL; Ashworth AC; Cantrill DJ; Florindo F; Hambrey MJ; Hill D; Hillenbrand C-D; Hunter SJ; Larter RD (2008) Chapter 10 Middle Miocene to Pliocene History of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences, 8, pp.401-463.
  • Chandler MA; Dowsett HJ; Haywood AM (2008) The PRISM Model-Data Cooperative: Mid-Pliocene Data-Model Comparisons, PAGES News, 16, pp.24-25.
  • Haywood AM; Dowsett HJ; Valdes PJ; Lunt DJ; Francis JE; Sellwood BW (2008) Pliocene climate: processes and problems, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, .
  • Bonham S; Haywood AM; Lunt DJ; Collins M; Salzmann U (2008) ENSO, Pliocene Climate and Equifinality, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, .
  • Hunter SJ; Valdes PJ; Haywood AM; Markwick PJ (2008) Modelling Maastrichtian climate: Investigating the role of geography, atmospheric CO2 and vegetation, Climate of the Past, 4, pp.1-39.
  • Lunt DJ; Foster GL; Haywood AM; Stone EJ (2008) Late Pliocene Greenland glaciation controlled by a decline in atmospheric CO2 levels, NATURE, 454, pp.1102-U41. doi: 10.1038/nature07223
  • Araujo MB; Nogues-Bravo D; Diniz-Filho JAF; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Rahbek C (2008) Quaternary climate changes explain diversity among reptiles and amphibians, Ecography, 31, pp.8-15. doi: 10.1111/j.2007.0906-7590.05318.x
  • Francis JE; Haywood AM; Ashworth AC; Valdes PJ (2007) Tundra environments in the Neogene Sirius Group, Antarctica: evidence from the geological record and coupled atmosphere-vegetation models, J GEOL SOC LONDON, 164, pp.317-322.
  • Williams M; Haywood AM; Vautravers M; Sellwood BW; Hillenbrand CD; Wilkinson IP; Miller CG (2007) Relative effect of taphonomy on calcification temperature estimates from fossil planktonic foraminifera, GEOBIOS-LYON, 40, pp.861-874. doi: 10.1016/j.geobios.2007.02.007
  • Williams M; Haywood AM; Gregory J; Schmidt D (2007) Deep time perspectives on climate change: an introduction, In: Williams; M; Haywood; M A; Gregory; J F; Schmidt; N D (Ed) Deep-Time Perspectives on Climate Change: Marrying the Signal from Computer Models and Biological Proxies, The Micropalaeontological Society, Special Publication, The Geological Society, London, pp.1-3.
  • Williams M; Haywood AM; Gregory J; Schmidt D (2007) Deep-time perspectives on climate change: marrying the signal from computer models and biological proxies, The Micropalaeontology Society, Special Publication, The Geological Society, London.
  • Hughes JK; Haywood A; Mithen SJ; Sellwood BW; Valdes PJ (2007) Investigating early hominin dispersal patterns: developing a framework for climate data integration, J HUM EVOL, 53, pp.465-474. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2006.12.011
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Hill DJ; Williams M (2007) The mid Pliocene Warm Period: a test-bed for integrating data and models, In: Williams M; Haywood AM; Gregory J; Schmidt D (Ed) Deep-time perspectives on climate change: marrying the signal from computer models and biological proxies, The Micropalaeontological Society, Special Publication, The Geological Society, London, pp.443-458.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Peck VL (2007) A permanent El Nino-like state during the Pliocene?, PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, 22, . doi: 10.1029/2006PA001323
  • Hill DJ; Haywood AM; Hindmarsh RCA; Valdes PJ (2007) Characterising ice sheets during the mid Pliocene: evidence from data and models, In: Williams M; Haywood AM; Gregory J; Schmidt D (Ed) Deep-time perspectives on climate change: marrying the signal from computer models and biological proxies, The Micropalaeontological Society, Special Publication, The Geological Society, London, pp.517-538.
  • Haywood AM; Williams M (2006) Forecasting future weather from Rocks, Rockwatch, 42, pp.8-9.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ (2006) Vegetation cover in a warmer world simulated using a dynamic global vegetation model for the Mid-Pliocene, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 237, pp.412-427. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.12.012
  • Williams M; Haywood AM; Hillenbrand CD; Wilkinson IP (2005) Efficacy of delta18O data from Pliocene planktonic foraminifer calcite for spatial sea surface temperature reconstruction: comparison with a fully coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM and fossil assemblage data for the mid-Pliocene, Geological Magazine, 142, pp.399-417. doi: 10.1017/S0016756805000828
  • Haywood AM; Cook SR (2005) Evidence for stasis in the Regional Wind Pattern of the Western Mediterranean since the Mid Pleistocene, Quaternary Newsletter, 106, pp.9-23.
  • Haywood AM; Williams M (2005) Exploring warmer worlds in Earth's geological past, Planet Earth, pp.pp.31.
  • Haywood AM; Dekens P; Ravelo AC; Williams M (2005) Warmer tropics during the mid-Pliocene? Evidence from alkenone paleothermometry and a fully coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 6, pp.pp.Q03010. doi: 10.1029/2004GC000799
  • Williams M; Haywood AM; Taylor SP; Valdes PJ; Sellwood BW; Hillenbrand CD (2005) Evaluating the efficacy of planktonic foraminifer calcite delta18O data for sea surface temperature reconstruction for the Late Miocene, Geobios, 38, pp.843-863. doi: 10.1016/j.geobios.2004.12.001
  • Haywood AM; Williams M (2005) The climate of the future: clues from 3 million years ago, Geology Today, 21, pp.138-143.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Markwick PJ (2004) Cretaceous (Wealden) climates: a modelling perspective, Cretaceous Research, 25, pp.303-311. doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2004.01.005
  • Francis JE; Haywood AM; Ashworth A; Roof S; Cantrill DJ (2004) Neogene climates near the South Pole: evidence from fossil plants and climate-vegetation models, Palaeontological Association Annual Meeting; Lille, France, Book of abstracts pp.pp.119.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ (2004) Modelling Pliocene warmth: contribution of atmosphere, oceans and cryosphere, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 218, pp.363-377. doi: 10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00685-X
  • Haywood AM; Williams M (2004) Reconstructing the oceans of the Late Miocene: how the shell chemistry of fossils reveals ancient patterns of ocean circulation, Teaching Earth Sciences, 29, pp.25-27.
  • Taylor SP; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Sellwood BW (2004) An evaluation of two spatial interpolation techniques in global sea-surface temperature reconstructions: Last Glacial Maximum and Pliocene case studies, Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, pp.1041-1051. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2003.12.003
  • Francis JE; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ (2004) Plants and climates of the Milldle Pliocene Sirius group, Antarctica: evidence from fossil plants, climates and biome models, XXVIII SCAR Open Science Conference "Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the Global System", Book of abstracts pp.249-250.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Francis JE; Sellwood BW (2002) Global middle Pliocene biome reconstruction: A data/model synthesis, GEOCHEM GEOPHY GEOSY, 3, . doi: 10.1029/2002GC000358
  • Francis JE; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Sellwood P (2002) Middle Pliocene vegetation and climates of the Sirius Group, Antarctica: evidence from fossil plants, climate and biome models, Geological Society of America, Denver, USA pp.pp.165.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Sellwood BW; Kaplan JO (2002) Antarctic climate during the middle Pliocene: model sensitivity to ice sheet variation, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 182, pp.93-115. doi: 10.1016/S0031-0182(01)00454-0
  • Lacy C; Harwood D; Levy R; Haywood AM (2002) Future of Antarctic Margin Drilling: developing a science plan for McMurdo Sound, .
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Sellwood BW (2002) Magnitude of climate variability during middle Pliocene warmth: a palaeoclimate modelling study, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 188, pp.1-24. doi: 10.1016/S0031-0182(02)00506-0
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Francis JE (2002) New predictions of mid-Pliocene Antarctic climate and biome distributions: applications of combined climate-vegetation modelling to the Sirius Group debate, Geological Society of America, Denver, USA pp.pp.166.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Sellwood BW; Kaplan JO; Dowsett HJ (2001) Modelling Middle Pliocene warm climates of the USA, Palaeontologia Electronica, 4, pp.pp.21.
  • Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Sellwood BW (2000) Global scale palaeoclimate reconstruction of the middle Pliocene climate using the UKMO GCM: initial results, Global and Planetary Change, 25, pp.239-256. doi: 10.1016/S0921-8181(00)00028-X
  • Haywood AM; Sellwood BW; Valdes PJ (2000) Regional warming: Pliocene (3 Ma) paleoclimate of Europe and the Mediterranean, Geology, 28, pp.1063-1066. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<1063:RWPMPO>2.0.CO;2
  • Lunt DJ; Haywood AM; Schmidt GA; Salzmann U; Valdes PJ; Dowsett HJ (Not yet published) On the causes of mid-Pliocene warmth and polar amplification, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, .
  • Hill DJ; Haywood AM; Valdes PJ; Francis JE; Lunt DJ; Wade BS; Bowman VC (Not yet published) Paleogeographic controls on the onset of the Antarctic circumpolar current, Geophysical Research Letters, . doi: 10.1002/grl.50941