Institute of Geophysics and Tectonics (IGT)

Geodynamics and Tectonics Group

Volcanic vent in Afar.

The surface of our planet is continually changing as tectonic plates stretch apart, collide, and slide past each other. This process builds and destroys mountains, and causes devastating earthquakes. The tectonics research group aims to understand how these processes happen. We make precise measurements of how the Earth's surface deforms using satellite goedesy; we measure the structure and composition of the crust and lithosphere using seismology; and we build computational models to explain our observations.

We work on projects all over the world, including rifting of the continents in the African rift valley, formation of the Pannonian Basin and Carpathian Mountains, and active tectonics in Italy and along the North Anatolian Fault.

 

 

Measuring crustal deformation in Afar, Ethiopia, using the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites.

Measuring crustal deformation in Afar, Ethiopia, using the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites.

Satellite interferogram of the ground deformation in Afar, Ethiopia.

Satellite interferogram of the ground deformation in Afar, Ethiopia.

Geodynamical 3D finite element model of the gravitational instability of the continental lithosphere beneath the SE Carpathians (Vrancea).

Geodynamical 3D finite element model of the gravitational instability of the continental lithosphere beneath the SE Carpathians (Vrancea).