Earth Surface Science Institute (ESSI)

ESSI News

The mass movement of humans and animals is significantly affecting the distribution of essential microorganisms, scientists warn. [more]

Seismic surveys challenge the view that recent slowdowns in Greenland’s ice flow will continue in the long term, says a new study. [more]

The Cohen geochemistry group are presenting at Goldschmidt 2017 in Paris, details of talks and posters can found below. Talks: Particulate Geochemistry and Algal Growth as Factors Driving Melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet...[more]

Of all the species that have ever lived, more than 99% are now extinct. Most of them quietly disappeared during periods of “background extinction”, whereby a handful of species become extinct every 100,000 years or so. [more]

The Royal Research Ship (RRS) James Clark Ross, Credit: British Antarctic Survey

A new £10 million research programme to investigate how the Arctic Ocean is changing has launched its first cruise to the Barents Sea.  The Changing Arctic Oceans research programme aims to generate a better understanding...[more]

Billions of years ago the young planet Earth was much different from the one we inhabit today, with wildly fluctuating surface temperatures and an atmosphere and oceans filled with gases toxic to life as we know it. [more]

A new study published recently in Nature Communications highlights the importance of Antarctic ice sheet advance in causing changes in the Pacific ocean during the decent into the ice ages, at the Plio-Pleistocene Transition (3.2...[more]

Haematite tubes from the NSB hydrothermal vent deposits that represent the oldest microfossils and evidence for life on Earth. The remains are at least 3,770 million years old.

Remains of microorganisms at least 3,770 million years old have been discovered -  providing direct evidence of one of the oldest life forms on Earth.  An international research team has found tiny filaments and tubes...[more]

New research based on Precambrian rocks provides insight into how life evolved alongside changes in the chemistry of Earth’s surface. [more]

NERC have announced their programme to investigate the impact of climate change and diminishing sea ice on the marine environments of the Arctic Ocean. NERC’s £10million investment has funded four projects which will begin in...[more]