School of Earth and Environment

Sarah Shallcross Sarah Shallcross

Postgraduate Researcher

Email address: S.E.Shallcross1@leeds.ac.uk
Room: 10.126

Affiliation: Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science

Project details

Project title

The role of ash in the global dispersion of the enhanced stratospheric aerosol cloud from explosive volcanic eruptions.

Supervisors

Dr Graham Mann, Dr Anja Schmidt, and Dr Ryan Neely III

Funding

ECMWF - CAMS43 Project

Start date

1 April 2016

Project outline

Volcanic eruptions have the potential to inject huge quantities of sulphur dioxide into the stratosphere. Chemical reactions in the atmosphere convert sulphur dioxide into highly-scattering sulphuric acid aerosols. The scattering effects of these aerosols causes short wave radiation to be scattered back to space, away from the surface, creating a cooling effect. Following large volcanic eruptions this cooling effect has been particularly prominent, such as "the year without summer" caused following the 1815 Mount Tambora eruption.

The last great eruption was the Pinatubo eruption in 1991, which, due to limited observations at the time has varying values for radiative perturbation. This is where models have been used, to try and recreate what observations are available and, in turn, understand the processes occurring at the time of these eruptions to gain a better understanding of their radiative forcing.

This project focuses on using the UM-UKCA model in conjunction with ground-based lidar observations available at the time of the Pinatubo eruption to work on the issue of global dispersion and the role of ash.