School of Earth and Environment

Prof. Steven Banwart

Leadership Chair in Integrated Soil / Agriculture / Water Research

Telephone number: +44(0) 113 34 31413
Email address:
Room: 8.106, School of Earth and Environment
PA details: Victoria Samir +44(0) 113 34 32648

Affiliation: Earth Surface Science Institute


Prof Steve Banwart is an international leader in the study of reactive processes in soil and groundwater. He champions integrating research into Earth’s Critical Zone, the surface layer of the planet from bedrock to atmospheric boundary layer that provides most life-sustaining resources. He is the academic lead for Theme 2 Resilient Food Supply Chains, and also for International Engagement, of the Northern 8 Universities Consortium (N8) AgriFood Research Programme. The programme is a £16M, 5-year initiative to link the research strengths of 8 leading UK research universities to provide solutions to the global challenge of food security.

His core science expertise is basic chemistry that is also applied to the study of soil systems and natural waters. His achievements include combining laboratory experimentation, theoretical mathematical modelling, and data from field studies in order to describe water flow and transport and mechanism of chemical transformations that quantify:

  • Soil functions that produce crops, store and filter infiltrating water, transform nutrients, store carbon from the atmosphere as organic matter, provide habitat and sustain biodiversity
  • Weathering of rock and minerals to deliver solutes to drainage waters in catchments and river basins including the release of contamination from mining sites
  • Role of the geological barrier to contain civilian high level nuclear waste within underground repositories constructed in bedrock
  • Biogeochemistry and natural biodegradation of hydrocarbon pollution in soil and groundwater aquifers

Prof. Banwart has secured over £29M in research grants since 1995, with over £12M attributable as Principal Investigator. He chaired the SCOPE international Rapid Assessment Process project on Benefits of Soil Carbon and was principal investigator of the European Commission FP7 Large Integrating Project Soil Transformations in European Catchments (SoilTrEC) and he was PI of the NERC Large Grant on Biological Weathering from Molecular- to Ecosystem- scale. He is a member of the NERC Strategic Programmes Advisory Group and the NERC Joint Capital Advisory Group and is a NERC panel chair for evaluation of funding proposals.

Activities and Distinctions:

  • Over 100 refereed publications including a research textbook on mine water pollution and an edited science-policy volume on the benefits of soil carbon
  • Commissioned article on global soil sustainability featured in the journal Nature and flagged on issue cover
  • Invited co-author of foresight chapter Benefits of Soil Carbon in United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Yearbook 2012
  • Principal editor of SCOPE Volume 71 Benefits of Soil Carbon
  • Co-author of most downloaded article from Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
  • Track record of research funding from 4 UK research councils and the European Commission: EPSRC, BBSRC, NERC, Innovate UK, EC Framework Programme 7, EC Horizon 2020
  • Chair, Scientific Committee, International Critical Zone Planning Workshop, 21-23 May 2014, Beijing, convened jointly by NSF China, NSF USA, NERC, DFG (Germany), CNRS (France)
  • Section Chair, Earth Surface Geochemistry, Int’l Assoc. of Geochemistry, 2011-present
  • Chair, Steering Committee, NERC Facility for Environmental Nanoscience Analysis and Characterisation, 2009-2014
  • Secretary, European Association of Geochemistry, 2008 - 2011
  • The University of Sheffield Public Orator, 2011 - 2016
  • Secretary, European Association of Geochemistry, 2008 – 2011
  • Organiser of international Critical Zone research development workshop, U. Delaware, 2011
  • Co-organiser for 4th and 5th International Conferences on Bioremediation, 2008 and 2011

Current Grants

2015-2018 UK-China programme coordination and commercialisation feasibility study, £231,000 Newton-Fund NERC award, Banwart is PI

2015-2018 Enhancing Soil Fertility and Ecosystem Services for Peri-Urban Agriculture in China, £953,907 Newton-Fund supported NERC Strategic International Critical Zone Observatory Programme, Banwart is UK PI (£2.45M total award UK & China); Yongguan Zhu, CAS Inst. Urban Environment is China PI.

2015-2020 N8 Universities Consortium AgriFood Resilience £798,000
HEFCE Catalyst Grant award, U. Sheffield share
Banwart secured this award as the U. Sheffield academic lead

2015-2016 NERC International Programme Launch Workshop £50,000
NERC-NSF China Newton Fund collaboration support

2015 UK-China Critical Zone Observatories £35,000
Newton Fund scoping study
NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology

2014-2019 SoS RARE: sustainable supply of Rare Earth Elements £558,000
NERC strategic programme consortium grant
U. Exeter, lead partner, F. Wall consortium PI
Banwart is U. Sheffield PI, award is U. Sheffield share

2015-2018 SoilBioHedge £590,257
NERC Soil Security Programme Consortium Grant
J.R. Leake, Consortium PI, U. Sheffield

2014-2019 MychoRhizaSoil – improving soils and crops £690,000
BBSRC Global Food Security Consortium Grant
J.R. Leake, Consortium PI, U. Sheffield


  • PhD Natural Environmental Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology – Zurich
  • MSc Environmental Engineering, U. of Iowa (USA); BSc Civil Engineering, U. of Iowa (USA)

Teaching Interests

  • Led development of international Postgraduate Training Programme in soil sustainability, 2009-2014
  • £570k in EPSRC MSc-Level teaching grant income 2001- 2008


  • Zhu YG; Gillings M; Simonet P; Stekel D; Banwart S; Penuelas J (2018) Human dissemination of genes and microorganisms in Earth's Critical Zone, Global Change Biology, 24, pp.1488-1499. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14003
  • Blaud A; van der Zaan B; Menon M; Lair GJ; Zhang D; Huber P; Schiefer J; Blum WEH; Kitzler B; Wei EH; van Gaans P; Banwart S (2018) The abundance of nitrogen cycle genes and potential greenhouse gas fluxes depends on land use type and little on soil aggregate size, Applied Soil Ecology, 125, pp.1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.11.026
  • Wang Y; Zhang B; Banwart SA (2017) Reduced Subsurface Lateral Flow in Agroforestry System Is Balanced by Increased Water Retention Capacity: Rainfall Simulation and Model Validation, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.73-97. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.005
  • Panakoulia SK; Nikolaidis NP; Paranychianakis NV; Menon M; Schiefer J; Lair GJ; Krám P; Banwart SA (2017) Factors Controlling Soil Structure Dynamics and Carbon Sequestration Across Different Climatic and Lithological Conditions, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.241-276. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.008
  • Giannakis GV; Nikolaidis NP; Valstar J; Rowe EC; Moirogiorgou K; Kotronakis M; Paranychianakis NV; Rousseva S; Stamati FE; Banwart SA (2017) Integrated Critical Zone Model (1D-ICZ): A Tool for Dynamic Simulation of Soil Functions and Soil Structure, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.277-314. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.009
  • Blaud A; Menon M; van der Zaan B; Lair GJ; Banwart SA (2017) Effects of Dry and Wet Sieving of Soil on Identification and Interpretation of Microbial Community Composition, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.119-142. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.006
  • Li N; You MY; Zhang B; Han XZ; Panakoulia SK; Yuan YR; Liu K; Qiao YF; Zou WX; Nikolaidis NP; Banwart SA (2017) Modeling Soil Aggregation at the Early Pedogenesis Stage From the Parent Material of a Mollisol Under Different Agricultural Practices, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.181-214. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.007
  • Kotronakis M; Giannakis GV; Nikolaidis NP; Rowe EC; Valstar J; Paranychianakis NV; Banwart SA (2017) Modeling the Impact of Carbon Amendments on Soil Ecosystem Functions Using the 1D-ICZ Model, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.315-352. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.010
  • Zhu YG; Gillings M; Simonet P; Stekel D; Banwart S; Penuelas J (2017) Microbial mass movements, Science, 357, pp.1099-1100. doi: 10.1126/science.aao3007
  • Zhu YG; Reid BJ; Meharg AA; Banwart SA; Fu BJ (2017) Optimizing Peri-URban Ecosystems (PURE) to re-couple urban-rural symbiosis, Science of the Total Environment, 586, pp.1085-1090. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.094
  • (2017) An agenda for integrated system-wide interdisciplinary agri-food research, Food Security, 9, pp.195-210. doi: 10.1007/s12571-017-0648-4
  • Pouran HM; Banwart SA; Romero-Gonzalez M (2017) Effects of synthetic iron and aluminium oxide surface charge and hydrophobicity on the formation of bacterial biofilm, Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 19, pp.622-634. doi: 10.1039/c6em00666c
  • Taylor LL; Beerling DJ; Quegan S; Banwart SA (2017) Simulating carbon capture by enhanced weathering with croplands: An overview of key processes highlighting areas of future model development, Biology Letters, 13, . doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0868
  • Nikolaidis NP; Kolokotsa D; Banwart SA (2017) Nature-based solutions: Business, Nature, 543, pp.315. doi: 10.1038/543315d
  • Banwart SA; Bernasconi SM; Blum WEH; de Souza DM; Chabaux F; Duffy C; Kercheva M; Krám P; Lair GJ; Lundin L; Menon M; Nikolaidis NP; Novak M; Panagos P; Ragnarsdottir KV; Robinson DA; Rousseva S; de Ruiter P; van Gaans P; Weng L; White T; Zhang B (2017) Soil Functions in Earth's Critical Zone: Key Results and Conclusions, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.1-27. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.11.001
  • Rousseva S; Kercheva M; Shishkov T; Lair GJ; Nikolaidis NP; Moraetis D; Krám P; Bernasconi SM; Blum WEH; Menon M; Banwart SA (2017) Soil Water Characteristics of European SoilTrEC Critical Zone Observatories, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.29-72. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.004
  • Liu YL; Yao SH; Han XZ; Zhang B; Banwart SA (2017) Soil Mineralogy Changes With Different Agricultural Practices During 8-Year Soil Development From the Parent Material of a Mollisol, Advances in Agronomy, 142, pp.143-179. doi: 10.1016/bs.agron.2016.10.015
  • Taylor LL; Quirk J; Thorley RMS; Kharecha PA; Hansen J; Ridgwell A; Lomas MR; Banwart SA; Beerling DJ (2016) Enhanced weathering strategies for stabilizing climate and averting ocean acidification, Nature Climate Change, 6, pp.402-406. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2882
  • Schmalenberger A; Duran AL; Bray AW; Bridge J; Bonneville S; Benning LG; Romero-Gonzalez ME; Leake JR; Banwart SA (2015) Oxalate secretion by ectomycorrhizal Paxillus involutus is mineral-specific and controls calcium weathering from minerals, Scientific Reports, 5, . doi: 10.1038/srep12187
  • Regelink IC; Stoof CR; Rousseva S; Weng L; Lair GJ; Kram P; Nikolaidis NP; Kercheva M; Banwart S; Comans RNJ (2015) Linkages between aggregate formation, porosity and soil chemical properties, Geoderma, 247-248, pp.24-37. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.01.022
  • Sparks DJ; Romero-González ME; El-Taboni E; Freeman CL; Hall SA; Kakonyi G; Swanson L; Banwart SA; Harding JH (2015) Adsorption of poly acrylic acid onto the surface of calcite: An experimental and simulation study, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 17, pp.27357-27365. doi: 10.1039/c5cp00945f
  • Thorley RMS; Taylor LL; Banwart SA; Leake JR; Beerling DJ (2015) The role of forest trees and their mycorrhizal fungi in carbonate rock weathering and its significance for global carbon cycling, Plant, Cell and Environment, 38, pp.1947-1961. doi: 10.1111/pce.12444
  • Milne E; Banwart SA; Noellemeyer E; Abson DJ; Ballabio C; Bampa F; Bationo A; Batjes NH; Bernoux M; Bhattacharyya T; Black H; Buschiazzo DE; Cai Z; Cerri CE; Cheng K; Compagnone C; Conant R; Coutinho HLC; de Brogniez D; Balieiro FDC; Duffy C; Feller C; Fidalgo ECC; da Silva CF; Funk R; Gaudig G; Gicheru PT; Goldhaber M; Gottschalk P; Goulet F; Goverse T; Grathwohl P; Joosten H; Kamoni PT; Kihara J; Krawczynski R; La Scala N; Lemanceau P; Li L; Li Z; Lugato E; Maron PA; Martius C; Melillo J; Montanarella L; Nikolaidis N; Nziguheba G; Pan G; Pascual U; Paustian K; Piñeiro G; Powlson D; Quiroga A; Richter D; Sigwalt A; Six J; Smith J; Smith P; Stocking M; Tanneberger F; Termansen M; van Noordwijk M; van Wesemael B; Vargas R; Victoria RL; Waswa B; Werner D; Wichmann S; Wichtmann W; Zhang X; Zhao Y; Zheng J; Zheng J (2015) Soil carbon, multiple benefits, Environmental Development, 13, pp.33-38. doi: 10.1016/j.envdev.2014.11.005
  • Pen Y; Zhang ZJ; Morales-García AL; Mears M; Tarmey DS; Edyvean RG; Banwart SA; Geoghegan M (2015) Effect of extracellular polymeric substances on the mechanical properties of Rhodococcus, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1848, pp.518-526. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2014.11.007
  • White T; Brantley S; Banwart S; Chorover J; Dietrich W; Derry L; Lohse K; Anderson S; Aufdendkampe A; Bales R; Kumar P; Richter D; McDowell B (2015) The Role of Critical Zone Observatories in Critical Zone Science, Developments in Earth Surface Processes, 19, pp.15-78. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63369-9.00002-1
  • Langford HJ; Irvine-Fynn TDL; Edwards A; Banwart SA; Hodson AJ (2014) A spatial investigation of the environmental controls over cryoconite aggregation on Longyearbreen glacier, Svalbard, Biogeosciences, 11, pp.5365-5380. doi: 10.5194/bg-11-5365-2014
  • Pouran HM; Banwart SA; Romero-Gonzalez M (2014) Coating a polystyrene well-plate surface with synthetic hematite, goethite and aluminium hydroxide for cell mineral adhesion studies in a controlled environment, Applied Geochemistry, 42, pp.60-68. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.01.005
  • Menon M; Rousseva S; Nikolaidis NP; van Gaans P; Panagos P; de Souza DM; Ragnarsdottir KV; Lair GJ; Weng L; Bloem J; Kram P; Novak M; Davidsdottir B; Gisladottir G; Robinson DA; Reynolds B; White T; Lundin L; Zhang B; Duffy C; Bernasconi SM; De Ruiter P; Blum WEH; Banwart SA (2014) SoilTrEC: A global initiative on critical zone research and integration, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21, pp.3191-3195. doi: 10.1007/s11356-013-2346-x
  • Quirk J; Andrews MY; Leake JR; Banwart SA; Beerling DJ (2014) Ectomycorrhizal fungi and past high CO2atmospheres enhance mineral weathering through increased below-ground carbon-energy fluxes, Biology Letters, 10, . doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0375
  • Moraetis D; Paranychianakis NV; Nikolaidis NP; Banwart SA; Rousseva S; Kercheva M; Nenov M; Shishkov T; de Ruiter P; Bloem J; Blum WEH; Lair GJ; van Gaans P; Verheul M (2014) Sediment provenance, soil development, and carbon content in fluvial and manmade terraces at Koiliaris River Critical Zone Observatory, Journal of Soils and Sediments, 15, pp.347-364. doi: 10.1007/s11368-014-1030-1
  • Quirk J; Leake JR; Banwart SA; Taylor LL; Beerling DJ (2014) Weathering by tree-root-associating fungi diminishes under simulated cenozoic atmospheric CO2decline, Biogeosciences, 11, pp.321-331. doi: 10.5194/bg-11-321-2014
  • Robinson DA; Fraser I; Dominati EJ; Davísdóttir B; Jónsson JOG; Jones L; Jones SB; Tuller M; Lebron I; Bristow KL; Souza DM; Banwart S; Clothier BE (2014) On the value of soil resources in the context of natural capital and ecosystem service delivery, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 78, pp.685-700. doi: 10.2136/sssaj2014.01.0017
  • Banwart S; Black H; Cai Z; Gicheru P; Joosten H; Victoria R; Milne E; Noellemeyer E; Pascual U; Nziguheba G; Vargas R; Bationo A; Buschiazzo D; De-Brogniez D; Melillo J; Richter D; Termansen M; Van Noordwijk M; Goverse T; Ballabio C; Bhattacharyya T; Goldhaber M; Nikolaidis N; Zhao Y; Funk R; Duffy C; Pan G; La Scala N; Gottschalk P; Batjes N; Six J; Van Wesemael B; Stocking M; Bampa F; Bernoux M; Feller C; Lemanceau P; Montanarella L (2014) Benefits of soil carbon: Report on the outcomes of an international scientific committee on problems of the environment rapid assessment workshop, Carbon Management, 5, pp.185-192. doi: 10.1080/17583004.2014.913380
  • Corkhill CL; Bridge JW; Chen XC; Hillel P; Thornton SF; Romero-Gonzalez ME; Banwart SA; Hyatt NC (2013) Real-Time Gamma Imaging of Technetium Transport through Natural and Engineered Porous Materials for Radioactive Waste Disposal, Environmental Science & Technology, 47, pp.13857-13864. doi: 10.1021/es402718j
  • Stamati FE; Nikolaidis IP; Banwart S; Blum WEH (2013) A coupled carbon, aggregation, and structure turnover (CAST) model for topsoils, Geoderma, 211-212, pp.51-64. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.06.014
  • Corkhill CL; Bridge JW; Hillel P; Gardner LJ; Banwart SA; Hyatt NC (2013) Technetium-99m transport and immobilisation in porous media: Development of a novel nuclear imaging technique, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 1518, pp.123-129. doi: 10.1557/opl.2013.111
  • Gazzè SA; Saccone L; Smits MM; Duran AL; Leake JR; Banwart SA; Ragnarsdottir KV; McMaster TJ (2013) Nanoscale Observations of Extracellular Polymeric Substances Deposition on Phyllosilicates by an Ectomycorrhizal Fungus, Geomicrobiology Journal, 30, pp.721-730. doi: 10.1080/01490451.2013.766285
  • Rizoulis A; Elliott DR; Rolfe SA; Thornton SF; Banwart SA; Pickup RW; Scholes JD (2013) Diversity of Planktonic and Attached Bacterial Communities in a Phenol-Contaminated Sandstone Aquifer, Microbial Ecology, 66, pp.84-95. doi: 10.1007/s00248-013-0233-0
  • Quirk J; Beerling DJ; Banwart SA; Kakonyi G; Romero-Gonzalez ME; Leake JR (2012) Evolution of trees and mycorrhizal fungi intensifies silicate mineral weathering, Biology Letters, 8, pp.1006-1011. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0503
  • Banwart S; Menon M; Bernasconi SM; Bloem J; Blum WEH; Souza DMD; Davidsdotir B; Duffy C; Lair GJ; Kram P; Lamacova A; Lundin L; Nikolaidis NP; Novak M; Panagos P; Ragnarsdottir KV; Reynolds B; Robinson D; Rousseva S; de Ruiter P; van Gaans P; Weng L; White T; Zhang B (2012) Soil processes and functions across an international network of Critical Zone Observatories: Introduction to experimental methods and initial results, Comptes Rendus - Geoscience, 344, pp.758-772. doi: 10.1016/j.crte.2012.10.007
  • Smits MM; Bonneville S; Benning LG; Banwart SA; Leake JR (2012) Plant-driven weathering of apatite - the role of an ectomycorrhizal fungus, Geobiology, 10, pp.445-456. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2012.00331.x
  • Gazz SA; Saccone L; Vala Ragnarsdottir K; Smits MM; Duran AL; Leake JR; Banwart SA; McMaster TJ (2012) Nanoscale channels on ectomycorrhizal-colonized chlorite: Evidence for plant-driven fungal dissolution, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 117, . doi: 10.1029/2012JG002016
  • Li M; Xu J; Romero-Gonzalez M; Banwart SA; Huang WE (2012) Single cell Raman spectroscopy for cell sorting and imaging, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 23, pp.56-63. doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2011.11.019
  • Smits MM; Leake JR; Smits MM; Bonneville S; Benning LG; Bonneville S; Banwart SA (2012) Plant-driven weathering of apatite - the role of an ectomycorrhizal fungus, Geobiology, . doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2012.00331.x
  • Saccone L; Gazzè SA; Duran AL; Leake JR; Banwart SA; Ragnarsdóttir KV; Smits MM; McMaster TJ (2012) High resolution characterization of ectomycorrhizal fungal-mineral interactions in axenic microcosm experiments, Biogeochemistry, 111, pp.411-425. doi: 10.1007/s10533-011-9667-y
  • Beerling DJ; Taylor LL; Bradshaw CDC; Lunt DJ; Valdes PJ; Banwart SA; Pagani M; Leake JR (2012) Ecosystem CO2starvation and terrestrial silicate weathering: Mechanisms and global-scale quantification during the late Miocene, Journal of Ecology, 100, pp.31-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01905.x
  • Taylor LL; Banwart SA; Valdes PJ; Leake JR; Beerling DJ (2012) Evaluating the effects of terrestrial ecosystems, climate and carbon dioxide on weathering over geological time: A global-scale process-based approach, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367, pp.565-582. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0251
  • Bonneville S; Morgan DJ; Schmalenberger A; Bray A; Brown A; Banwart SA; Benning LG (2011) Tree-mycorrhiza symbiosis accelerate mineral weathering: Evidences from nanometer-scale elemental fluxes at the hypha-mineral interface, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, pp.6988-7005. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.08.041
  • Haward SJ; Smits MM; Ragnarsdóttir KV; Leake JR; Banwart SA; Mcmaster TJ (2011) In situ atomic force microscopy measurements of biotite basal plane reactivity in the presence of oxalic acid, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, pp.6870-6881. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.09.010
  • Banwart S; Bernasconi SM; Bloem J; Blum W; Brandao M; Brantley S; Chabaux F; Duffy C; Kram P; Lair G; Lundin L; Nikolaidis N; Novak M; Panagos P; Ragnarsdottir KV; Reynolds B; Rousseva S; de Ruiter P; van Gaans P; van Riemsdijk W; White T; Zhang B (2011) Soil processes and func tions in critical zone observatories: Hypotheses and experimental design, Vadose Zone Journal, 10, pp.974-987. doi: 10.2136/vzj2010.0136
  • Banwart S (2011) Save our soils, Nature, 474, pp.151-152. doi: 10.1038/474151a
  • Langford H; Hodson A; Banwart S (2011) Using FTIR spectroscopy to characterise the soil mineralogy and geochemistry of cryoconite from Aldegondabreen glacier, Svalbard, Applied Geochemistry, 26, . doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.105
  • Andrews MY; Leake JR; Palmer BG; Banwart SA; Beerling DJ (2011) Plant and mycorrhizal driven silicate weathering: Quantifying carbon flux and mineral weathering processes at the laboratory mesocosm scale, Applied Geochemistry, 26, . doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.072
  • Taylor L; Banwart S; Leake J; Beerling DJ (2011) Modeling the evolutionary rise of ectomycorrhiza on sub-surface weathering environments and the geochemical carbon cycle, American Journal of Science, 311, pp.369-403. doi: 10.2475/05.2011.01
  • DeJong JT; Soga K; Banwart SA; Whalley WR; Ginn TR; Nelson DC; Mortensen BM; Martinez BC; Barkouki T (2011) Soil engineering in vivo: Harnessing natural biogeochemical systems for sustainable, multi-functional engineering solutions, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 8, pp.1-15. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2010.0270
  • Langford H; Hodson A; Banwart S; Bøggild C (2010) The microstructure and biogeochemistry of Arctic cryoconite granules, Annals of Glaciology, 51, pp.87-94. doi: 10.3189/172756411795932083
  • Bridge JW; Oliver DM; Chadwick D; Godfray HCJ; Heathwaite L; Kay D; Maheswaram R; Mcgonigle DF; Nichols G; Pickup R; Porter J; Wastlingl J; Banwart SA (2010) Engaging with the water sector for public health benefits: Waterborne pathogens and diseases in developed countries, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88, pp.873-875. doi: 10.2471/BLT.09.072512
  • Andrews JS; Rolfe SA; Huang WE; Scholes JD; Banwart SA (2010) Biofilm formation in environmental bacteria is influenced by different macromolecules depending on genus and species, Environmental Microbiology, 12, pp.2496-2507. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02223.x
  • Zhang Z; Pen Y; Edyvean RG; Banwart SA; Dalgliesh RM; Geoghegan M (2010) Adhesive and conformational behaviour of mycolic acid monolayers, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1798, pp.1829-1839. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2010.05.024
  • Hodson A; Cameron K; Bøggild C; Irvine-Fynn T; Langford H; Pearce D; Banwart S (2010) The structure, biological activity and biogeochemistry of cryoconite aggregates upon an arctic valley glacier: Longyearbreen, Svalbard, Journal of Glaciology, 56, pp.349-362. doi: 10.3189/002214310791968403
  • Elliott DR; Scholes JD; Thornton SF; Rizoulis A; Banwart SA; Rolfe SA (2010) Dynamic changes in microbial community structure and function in phenol-degrading microcosms inoculated with cells from a contaminated aquifer, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 71, pp.247-259. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.00802.x
  • Huang WE; Li M; Jarvis RM; Goodacre R; Banwart SA (2010) Shining light on the microbial world the application of Raman microspectroscopy., Advances in applied microbiology, 70, pp.153-186. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2164(10)70005-8
  • Hodson A; Cameron K; Boggild C; Irvine-Fynn T; Langford H; Pearce D; Banwart S (2010) The structure, biological activity and biogeochemistry of cryoconite aggregates upon an Arctic valley glacier: Longyearbreen, Svalbard (vol 56, pg 349, 2010), JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY, 56, pp.743-744.
  • Banwart SA; Berg A; Beerling DJ (2009) Process-based modeling of silicate mineral weathering responses to increasing atmospheric CO2and climate change GB4013, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, . doi: 10.1029/2008GB003243
  • Song Y; Li G; Thornton SF; Thompson IP; Banwart SA; Lerner DN; Huang WE (2009) Optimization of bacterial whole cell bioreporters for toxicity assay of environmental samples, Environmental Science and Technology, 43, pp.7931-7938. doi: 10.1021/es901349r
  • Bridge JW; Heathwaite AL; Banwart SA (2009) Measurement of colloid mobilization and redeposition during drainage in quartz sand, Environmental Science and Technology, 43, pp.5769-5775. doi: 10.1021/es900616j
  • Ojeda JJ; Romero-González ME; Banwart SA (2009) Analysis of bacteria on steel surfaces using reflectance micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Analytical Chemistry, 81, pp.6467-6473. doi: 10.1021/ac900841c
  • Bonneville S; Morgan D; Brown A; Smits M; Duran A; Schmalenberger A; Leake JR; Banwart S; Brydson R; Benning LG (2009) Quantifying chemical weathering at the biotite-mycorrhiza interface, GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 73, pp.A138-A138.
  • Bonneville S; Morgan D; Brown A; Smits M; Duran A; Schmalenberger A; Leake JR; Banwart S; Brydson R; Benning LG (2009) Quantifying chemical weathering at the biotite-mycorrhiza interface, GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 73, pp.A138-A138.
  • Taylor LL; Leake JR; Quirk J; Hardy K; Banwart SA; Beerling DJ (2009) Biological weathering and the long-term carbon cycle: Integrating mycorrhizal evolution and function into the current paradigm, Geobiology, 7, pp.171-191. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2009.00194.x
  • Ojeda JJ; Romero-Gonzalez ME; Pouran HM; Banwart SA (2008) In situ monitoring of the biofilm formation of Pseudomonas putida on hematite using flow-cell ATR-FTIR spectroscopy to investigate the formation of inner-sphere bonds between the bacteria and the mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 72, pp.101-106. doi: 10.1180/minmag.2008.072.1.101
  • McMaster TJ; Smits MM; Haward SJ; Leake JR; Banwart S; Ragnarsdottir KV (2008) High-resolution imaging of biotite dissolution and measurement of activation energy, Mineralogical Magazine, 72, pp.115-120. doi: 10.1180/minmag.2008.072.1.115
  • Leake JR; Duran AL; Hardy KE; Johnson I; Beerling DJ; Banwart SA; Smits MM (2008) Biological weathering in soil: The role of symbiotic root-associated fungi biosensing minerals and directing photosynthate-energy into grain-scale mineral weathering, Mineralogical Magazine, 72, pp.85-89. doi: 10.1180/minmag.2008.072.1.85
  • Burke SP; Banwart SA (2008) Novel passive treatment for mine water discharges, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Water Management, 161, pp.367-374. doi: 10.1680/wama.2008.161.6.367
  • Geoghegan M; Andrews JS; Biggs CA; Eboigbodin KE; Elliott DR; Rolfe S; Scholes J; Ojeda JJ; Romero-González ME; Edyvean RGJ; Swanson L; Rutkaite R; Fernando R; Pen Y; Zhang Z; Banwart SA (2008) The polymer physics and chemistry of microbial cell attachment and adhesion, Faraday Discussions, 139, pp.85-103. doi: 10.1039/b717046g
  • Ojeda JJ; Romero-González ME; Bachmann RT; Edyvean RGJ; Banwart SA (2008) Characterization of the cell surface and cell wall chemistry of drinking water bacteria by combining XPS, FTIR spectroscopy, modeling, and potentiometric titrations, Langmuir, 24, pp.4032-4040. doi: 10.1021/la702284b
  • Bridge JW; Banwart SA; Heathwaite AL (2007) High-resolution measurement of pore saturation and colloid removal efficiency in quartz sand using fluorescence imaging, Environmental Science and Technology, 41, pp.8288-8294. doi: 10.1021/es071155a
  • Rees HC; Oswald SE; Banwart SA; Pickup RW; Lerner DN (2007) Biodegradation processes in a laboratory-scale groundwater contaminant plume assessed by fluorescence imaging and microbial analysis, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 73, pp.3865-3876. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02933-06
  • Wu Y; Lerner DN; Banwart SA; Thornton SF; Pickup RW (2006) Persistence of fermentative process to phenolic toxicity in groundwater, Journal of Environmental Quality, 35, pp.2021-2025. doi: 10.2134/jeq2006.0080
  • Bridge JW; Banwart SA; Heathwaite AL (2006) Noninvasive quantitative measurement of colloid transport in mesoscale porous media using time lapse fluorescence imaging, Environmental Science and Technology, 40, pp.5930-5936. doi: 10.1021/es060373l
  • Bridge JW; Banwart SA; Heathwaite AL (2006) Noninvasive quantitative measurement of colloid transport in mesoscale porous media using time lapse fluorescence imaging, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 40, pp.5930-5936. doi: 10.1021/es0603731
  • Evans KA; Watkins DC; Banwart SA (2006) Rate controls on the chemical weathering of natural polymineralic material. II. Rate-controlling mechanisms and mineral sources and sinks for element release from four UK mine sites, and implications for comparison of laboratory and field scale weathering, Applied Geochemistry, 21, pp.377-403. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.10.002
  • Evans KA; Banwart SA (2006) Rate controls on the chemical weathering of natural polymineralic material. I. Dissolution behaviour of polymineralic assemblages determined using batch and unsaturated column experiments, Applied Geochemistry, 21, pp.352-376. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.10.001
  • Romero-Gonzalez ME; Ojeda JJ; Nwaobi B; Banwart SA (2006) Effects of pH on cell surface properties and its interactions with metals, GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 70, pp.A538-A538. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.993
  • Perez JR; Banwart SA; Puigdomenech I (2005) The kinetics of O2(aq) reduction by structural ferrous iron in naturally occurring ferrous silicate minerals, Applied Geochemistry, 20, pp.2003-2016. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.07.001
  • Watson IA; Oswald SE; Banwart SA; Crouch RS; Thornton SF (2005) Modeling the dynamics of fermentation and respiratory processes in a groundwater plume of phenolic contaminants interpreted from laboratory- to field-scale, Environmental Science and Technology, 39, pp.8829-8839. doi: 10.1021/es0507970
  • Watson IA; Oswald SE; Mayer KU; Wu Y; Banwart SA (2003) Modeling kinetic processes controlling hydrogen and acetate concentrations in an aquifer-derived microcosm, Environmental Science and Technology, 37, pp.3910-3919. doi: 10.1021/es020242u
  • Rivas-Perez J; Tullborg EL; Banwart SA (2003) The kinetics of O2(aq) reduction during oxidative weathering of naturally occurring fracture minerals in groundwater, Mineralogical Magazine, 67, pp.399-414. doi: 10.1180/0026461036720108
  • Evans KA; Gandy CJ; Banwart SA (2003) Mineralogical, numerical and analytical studies of the coupled oxidation of pyrite and coal, Mineralogical Magazine, 67, pp.381-398. doi: 10.1180/0026461036720107
  • Burke S; Banwart S; Jarvis A; England A; Younger P (2003) Up-scaling of oxidation and accretion reactors: Engineering and economic considerations, Land Contamination and Reclamation, 11, pp.165-172.
  • Banwart SA; Evans KA; Croxford S (2002) Predicting mineral weathering rates at field scale for mine water risk assessment, Geological Society Special Publication, 198, pp.137-157. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2002.198.01.10
  • Watson A; Oswald S; Banwart SA (2002) Conceptual and numerical modelling of kinetic redox reactions in a phenol degrading microcosm, Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica, 46, pp.442-446.
  • Watson IA; Oswald S; Banwart SA (2002) Modelling natural attenuation processes of phenol degradation in groundwater, Developments in Water Science, 47, pp.827-834. doi: 10.1016/S0167-5648(02)80147-2
  • Burke SP; Banwart SA (2002) A geochemical model for removal of iron(II)(aq) from mine water discharges, Applied Geochemistry, 17, pp.431-443. doi: 10.1016/S0883-2927(01)00092-0
  • Wu Y; Banwart SA; Thornton SF; Lerner DN (2002) Microbial production of fatty acids in phenol-contaminated groundwater and its significance in subsurface bioremediation, IAHS-AISH Publication, pp.219-224.
  • Burke SP; Banwart SA (2002) Using Fe(II) adsorption and surface-catalysed oxidation for Fe(II) removal from predicted mine water discharges, IAHS-AISH Publication, pp.271-275.
  • Younger PL; Banwart SA (2002) Time-scale issues in the remediation of pervasively-contaminated groundwaters at abandoned mine sites, IAHS-AISH Publication, pp.585-592.
  • Evans KA; Banwart SA (2002) Surface observations applied to the interpretation of unsaturated column experiments, IAHS-AISH Publication, pp.153-158.
  • Thornton SF; Quigley S; Spence MJ; Banwart SA; Bottrell S; Lerner DN (2001) Processes controlling the distribution and natural attenuation of dissolved phenolic compounds in a deep sandstone aquifer, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 53, pp.233-267. doi: 10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00168-1
  • Banwart SA; Malmström ME (2001) Hydrochemical modelling for preliminary assessment of minewater pollution, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 74, pp.73-97. doi: 10.1016/S0375-6742(01)00176-5
  • Thornton SF; Lerner DN; Banwart SA (2001) Assessing the natural attenuation of organic contaminants in aquifers using plume-scale electron and carbon balances: Model development with analysis of uncertainty and parameter sensitivity, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 53, pp.199-232. doi: 10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00167-X
  • Christensen TH; Bjerg PL; Banwart SA; Jakobsen R; Heron G; Albrechtsen HJ (2000) Characterization of redox conditions in groundwater contaminant plumes, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 45, pp.165-241. doi: 10.1016/S0169-7722(00)00109-1
  • Malmström ME; Destouni G; Banwart SA; Strömberg BHE (2000) Resolving the scale-dependence of mineral weathering rates, Environmental Science and Technology, 34, pp.1375-1378. doi: 10.1021/es990682u
  • Berg A; Banwart SA (2000) Carbon dioxide mediated dissolution of Ca-feldspar: Implications for silicate weathering, Chemical Geology, 163, pp.25-42. doi: 10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00132-1
  • Lerner DN; Thornton SF; Spence MJ; Banwart SA; Bottrell SH; Higgo JJ; Mallinson HEH; Pickup RW; Williams GM (2000) Ineffective natural attenuation of degradable organic compounds in a phenol-contaminated aquifer, Ground Water, 38, pp.922-928. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00692.x
  • Banwart SA; Wikberg P; Puigdomenech I (1999) Protecting the redox stability of a deep repository: concepts, results and experience from the Aspo hard rock laboratory, Geological Society Special Publication, 157, pp.85-99. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1999.157.01.07
  • Thornton SF; Lerner DN; Banwart SA (1999) Natural attenuation of phenolic compounds in a deep sandstone aquifer, Battelle Memorial Institute International In Situ and On-Site Bioreclamation Symposium Proceedings, 5, .
  • Banwart SA (1999) Reduction of iron(III) minerals by natural organic matter in groundwater, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63, pp.2919-2928. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7037(99)00267-7
  • Banwart SA; Gustafsson E; Laaksharju M (1999) Hydrological and reactive processes during rapid recharge to fracture zones, Applied Geochemistry, 14, pp.873-892. doi: 10.1016/S0883-2927(99)00029-3
  • Strömberg B; Banwart S (1999) Weathering kinetics of waste rock from the Aitik copper mine, Sweden: Scale dependent rate factors and pH controls in large column experiments, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 39, pp.59-89. doi: 10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00031-5
  • Strömberg B; Banwart SA (1999) Experimental study of acidity-consuming processes in mining waste rock: Some influences of mineralogy and particle size, Applied Geochemistry, 14, pp.1-16. doi: 10.1016/S0883-2927(98)00028-6
  • Thornton SF; Davison RM; Lerner DN; Banwart SA (1998) Electron balances in field studies of intrinsic bioremediation, IAHS-AISH Publication, pp.273-282.
  • Banwart SA; Destouni G; Malmström M (1998) Assessing mine water pollution: From laboratory to field scale, IAHS-AISH Publication, pp.307-311.
  • Banwart S; Wikberg P; Olsson O (1998) A testbed for underground nuclear repository design, Environmental Science and Technology, 31, .
  • Banwart S; Wikberg P; Olsson O (1997) Testbed for underground nuclear repository design, Environmental Science and Technology, 31, .
  • Malmström M; Banwart S (1997) Biotite dissolution at 25°C: The pH dependence of dissolution rate and stoichiometry, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61, pp.2779-2799. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00093-8
  • Deng Y; Stjernström M; Banwart S (1996) Accumulation and remobilization of aqueous chromium(VI) at iron oxide surfaces: Application of a thin-film continuous flow-through reactor, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 21, pp.141-151. doi: 10.1016/0169-7722(95)00039-9
  • Malmström M; Banwart S; Lewenhagen J; Duro L; Bruno J (1996) The dissolution of biotite and chlorite at 25°C in the near-neutral pH region, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 21, pp.201-213. doi: 10.1016/0169-7722(95)00047-X
  • Banwart S; Tullborg EL; Pedersen K; Gustafsson E; Laaksoharju M; Nilsson AC; Wallin B; Wikberg P (1996) Organic carbon oxidation induced by large-scale shallow water intrusion into a vertical fracture zone at the Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory (Sweden), Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 21, pp.115-125. doi: 10.1016/0169-7722(95)00037-2
  • Banwart S; Gustafsson E; Laaksoharju M; Nilsson A; Tullborg E; Wallin B (1994) Large‐scale Intrusion of shallow water into a vertical fracture zone in crystalline bedrock: Initial hydrochemical perturbation during tunnel construction at the Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory, southeastern Sweden, Water Resources Research, 30, pp.1747-1763. doi: 10.1029/94WR00155
  • Strömberg B; Banwart S (1994) Kinetic modelling of geochemical processes at the Aitik mining waste rock site in northern Sweden, Applied Geochemistry, 9, pp.583-595. doi: 10.1016/0883-2927(94)90020-5
  • Suter D; Banwart S; Stumm W (1991) Dissolution of Hydrous Iron(III) Oxides by Reductive Mechanisms, Langmuir, 7, pp.809-813. doi: 10.1021/la00052a033
  • Dos Santos Afonso M; Morando PJ; Blesa MA; Banwart S; Stumm W (1990) The reductive dissolution of iron oxides by ascorbate. The role of carboxylate anions in accelerating reductive dissolution, Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, 138, pp.74-82. doi: 10.1016/0021-9797(90)90181-M
  • Sulzberger B; Suter D; Siffert C; Banwart S; Stumm W (1989) Dissolution of fe(iii)(hydr)oxides in natural waters; laboratory assessment on the kinetics controlled by surface coordination, Marine Chemistry, 28, pp.127-144. doi: 10.1016/0304-4203(89)90191-6
  • Banwart S; Davies S; Stumm W (1989) The role of oxalate in accelerating the reductive dissolution of hematite (α-Fe2O3) by ascorbate, Colloids and Surfaces, 39, pp.303-309. doi: 10.1016/0166-6622(89)80281-1