School of Earth and Environment

Lindsay C. Stringer Prof Lindsay C. Stringer

Director: Sustainability Research Institute; Professor in Environment and Development

Telephone number: +44(0) 113 34 37530
Email address:
Room: 9.105
Twitter: @LindsayStringer


Lindsay's research advances understanding of human-environment relationships focusing on: 1) the links between livelihoods and environment; and 2) science, policy and environmental governance and the practical and policy mechanisms that can advance sustainable development. Her work is interdisciplinary and uses theories and methods from both the natural and social sciences. Lindsay’s research has enhanced understanding of the drivers, processes, trade-offs and relationships within socio-ecological systems, particularly in the world’s drylands, and has demonstrated significant engagement with research users, being instrumental in informing international policy interventions through the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Lindsay has worked and travelled in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. She has published numerous peer-reviewed articles in leading international journals, as well as book chapters, working papers, book reviews, magazine articles and policy reports. She has also presented her work at international conferences across the world. In addition, Lindsay has an international consultancy reputation, having undertaken commissioned work on several occasions for the United Nations, as well as for the UK Government's Department for International Development and other agencies and organisations.

Lindsay has recently been involved in projects funded by bodies such as the UK's Joint Research Councils (NERC, ESRC, BBSRC) under the Rural Economy and Land Use Programme, the European Commission (Framework Programmes 6 and 7), the British Academy, the Climate and Development Knowledge Network, the Economics of Land Degradation Initiative, and DfID/NERC/ESRC under the Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation Programme.

Current research projects include:

  • Advancing knowledge on the costs, benefits, trade-offs of sustainable land management in southern Africa’s rangelands (Funded through the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative). This project assess the costs, benefits and trade-offs associated with different land uses and management strategies in rangeland systems in southern Botswana.
  • Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP). CCCEP is funded by the ESRC. I am involved in research on adaptation to climate change and human development. This programme aims to advance our understanding of the socio-economic impacts of climate change, the capacity of public and private decision-makers to adapt, and the policy responses needed to reduce the costs of climate change on social and economic development.
  • Catastrophic shifts in drylands: how can we prevent ecosystem degradation? (CASCADE) This project is funded through EU FP7. The aim of CASCADE is to obtain a better understanding of sudden ecosystem shifts that may lead to major losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services, and to define measures that can be used to prevent such shifts.
  • Sustainable Liquid Biofuels from Biomass Biorefining (SUNLIBB). SUNLIBB is funded through EU FP7 and brings together researchers and industrial innovators to overcome technical barriers for second generation bioethanol production. The project aims to ensure that the new processes developed fulfil sustainability requirements across environmental, social and economic dimensions and is working in cooperation with CEProBIO, Brazil.

Recently completed projects include:

  • Assessing institutional and governance partnerships for climate compatible development in southern Africa (Funded through CDKN). This project identifies and analyses successful climate compatible development models and institutional and governance partnership activities involving different stakeholders in complex and dynamic governance and political-economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa. It focuses specifically on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
  • Managing land for carbon in southern Africa: Relationships between carbon, livelihoods and ecosystem services(Funded through the DFID/NERC/ESRC Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation programme, part of the Living with Environmental Change Programme). This project considers carbon stores and fluxes relating to soil and vegetation along a transect through Namibia-Botswana-Zambia-Malawi, examining tradeoffs between land use shifts, the continued provision of ecosystem services and the ways they link to livelihoods of the poor.
  • Involved: What makes stakeholder participation work? (Funded by the British Academy). This project investigates what makes stakeholder participation in environmental management work. By understanding why different approaches work in different contexts, more appropriate participatory processes can be designed.
  • Sustainable Uplands: Transforming Knowledge for Upland Change (Funded through the Joint Research Councils' Rural Economy and Land Use programme). This project develops new approaches that can stimulate knowledge exchange, learning and innovation between researchers, policy makers, businesses, local stakeholders and the wider public with an interest in Upland Sustainability.
  • Desertification Mitigation and Remediation of Degraded Land (DESIRE- funded through EU FP6). This project examines alternative strategies for the use, protection and rehabilitation of 18 international desertification 'hotspots' and brings together 28 research institutions, non-governmental organisations and policy makers from all over the world.
  • Sustainable delivery of pollination services for African food production. (Funded through the DFID/NERC/ESRC Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation programme). This project aims to identify the knowledge gaps and scientific challenges currently hampering the sustainable delivery of crop pollination and honey production services to rural Sub-Saharan Africa.

Lindsay is also involved in PhD student supervision in the Climate Compatible Development Partnership.


BSc Geography (University of Sheffield); MSc Environmental Monitoring and Assessment in Drylands (University of Sheffield); PhD Geography (University of Sheffield)


Lindsay sits on the editorial board of the journals Land Degradation and Development; Food Security; and Resources. She is an elected advisory board member of international scientific network DesertNet International for which she also chairs the Food Security Working Group, and she represents the University of Leeds in the international OSLO consortium. Lindsay is also a working group member for Global Soil Week and an IPCC reviewer.

Research Interests

Environmental and land use change (including social, political and economic dimensions); land degradation and desertification; participatory processes; livelihood dynamics; environmental governance.

PhD student supervision:

Lindsay is currently supervising/co-supervising the following PhD students:

  • Ms Cecilia De Ita - Factors affecting Environmental Sustainability in Planned Tourism Developments: The Case of Cancun, Mexico (Co-supervised with Dr Keith Hamer; funded by Conacyt)
  • Mr Nicola Favretto - Powering Mali with sustainable biofuels? Livelihood opportunities and policy challenges of Jatropha curcas (Co-supervised with Prof Andy Dougill; funded by a University of Leeds Overseas Research Scholarship)
  • Mr Jose Octavio Velazquez Gomar - Institutional interactions among biodiversity-related conventions: How interplay management can improve global environmental governance (Co-supervised with Prof Jouni Paavola; funded by Conacyt)
  • Mr Steven Orchard - NGO mangrove restoration interventions and their influence on social capital: implications for climate change adaptation in coastal villages of Vietnam (Co-supervised with Dr Claire Quinn; funded by ESRC/CCCEP)
  • Ms Jami Dixon - A holistic approach to crop and climate prediction to enhance adaptation policy and practice (Co-supervised with Prof Andy Challinor; funded by an ESRC-NERC studentship)
  • Ms Elizabeth Harrison - Assessing lessons from Community-based natural resource management for the implementation of carbon sequestration schemes in Dryland Africa (Co-supervised by Prof Andy Dougill and Dr Deborah Sporton (University of Sheffield); funded by an ESRC White Rose Doctoral Training Centre scholarship)
  • Ms Rebecca Howard - Carbon standards and carbon projects: enquiries for participation, equity and justice in mitigation and development processes (Co-supervised by Dr Anne Tallontire and Dr Rob Marchant (University of York)); funded by an ESRC-NERC studentship)
  • Mr Uche Okpara - Climate, Water and Conflict in the African Lake Chad Basin: Evidence and Proposed Policy Responses (Co-supervised with Prof Andy Dougill; funded by the Nigeria Education Trust Fund Scholarship/University of Nigeria Staff Development Scheme)
  • Mr Ben Wood – Climate compatible development in Malawi; funded by a University of Leeds Research Scholarship (Co-supervised with Prof Andy Dougill and Dr Claire Quinn)
  • Mr Augustin Oyiyole Entonu - Creating markets, enabling environments and frameworks for the deployment and diffusion of low-carbon technologies in Africa (Co-supervised with Prof Jouni Paavola)
  • Mr Gerald Yiran- Hazards and vulnerability to climate change in northern Ghana; funded by a Commonwealth Scholarship (Co-supervised with Prof Andy Challinor)

Completed Leeds-based PhD students:

  • Dr Philip Antwi-Agyei - Vulnerability to climate change in food systems (Co-supervised with Dr Evan Fraser, University of Guelph, Canada and Prof Andy Dougill; funded by a Commonwealth Scholarship)

  • Dr Jen Dyer - Assessing the impacts of biodiesel crop Jatropha curcas on livelihoods in rural Malawi (Co-supervised with Prof Andy Dougill; funded by an ESRC-CASE studentship)

Completed externally supervised PhD students:

  • Dr David Glew - Validating the sustainability of biorenewable replacements for petrochemical products (Co-supervised with Prof Simon McQueen-Mason, University of York; funded by a White Rose studentship). David was based at the University of York, UK.
  • Dr Ian Duvenage – Sustainability frameworks for biofuel production in Africa. Ian was based at Bond University, Australia.
  • Dr Julia Leventon- “We don’t eat fish…” Science, policy and governance: the implementation of arsenic limits for drinking water in a Hungarian case study. (Funded by an EU Marie Curie Network Award). Julia was based at the Central European Univesity, Budapest, Hungary. She passed with Summa cum Laude honours.

Lindsay is interested in supervising PhD students with an interest in any of the following themes:

  • Adaptation to environmental (including climate) change;
  • Participatory processes (including a focus on knowledge flows and social learning) in managing natural resources and social-ecological systems;
  • Sustainability and livelihood implications of biofuel cultivation and land use changes;
  • Synergy and multiple benefits in implementing global policies to address environmental change (e.g. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, UN Convention to Combat Desertification, UN Convention on Biodiversity, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation - REDD).


  • Stringer LC; Dougill AJ; Dyer JC; Leventon J; Vincent K; Fritzsche F; Falcão MP; Manyakaidze P; Syampungani S; Kalaba G; Powell P (2014) Advancing climate compatible development: lessons from southern Africa, Regional Environmental Change, 14, pp.713-725. doi: 10.1007/s10113-013-0533-4
  • Mathur V; Afionis S; Paavola J; Dougill AJ; Stringer LC (2014) Experiences of host communities with carbon market projects: towards multi-level climate justice, Climate Policy, 14, pp.42-62. doi: 10.1080/14693062.2013.861728
  • Afionis S; Stringer LC (2014) The environment as a strategic priority in the European Union-Brazil partnership: is the EU behaving as a normative power or soft imperialist?, International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 14, pp.47-64. doi: 10.1007/s10784-013-9232-3
  • Stringer LC; Harris A (2014) Land degradation in Dolj County, southern Romania: Environmental changes, impacts and responses, Land Degradation and Development, 25, pp.17-28. doi: 10.1002/ldr.2260
  • Fleskens L; Stringer LC (2014) Land management and policy responses to mitigate desertification and land degradation, Land Degradation and Development, pp.1-4. doi: 10.1002/ldr.2272
  • Suckall N; Tompkins E; Stringer L (2014) Identifying trade-offs between adaptation, mitigation and development in community responses to climate and socio-economic stresses: Evidence from Zanzibar, Tanzania, Applied Geography, 46, pp.111-121. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.11.005
  • Velazquez Gomar JO; Stringer LC; Paavola J (2014) Regime complexes and national policy coherence: experiences in the biodiversity cluster, Global Governance, 20, pp.119-145. doi: 10.5555/1075-2846-20.1.119
  • Dixon JL; Stringer LC; Challinor AJ (2014) Farming System Evolution and Adaptive Capacity: Insights for Adaptation Support, Resources, 3, pp.182-214. doi: 10.3390/resources3010182
  • Antwi-Agyei P; Stringer LC; Dougill AJ (2014) Livelihood adaptations to climate variability: insights from farming households in Ghana, Regional Environmental Change, pp.1-12. doi: 10.1007/s10113-014-0597-9
  • Dyer J; Stringer LC; Dougill AJ; Leventon J; Nshimbi M; Chama F; Kafwifwi A; Muledi JI; Kaumbu JM; Falcao M; Muhorro S; Munyemba F; Kalaba GM; Syampungani S (2014) Assessing participatory practices in community-based natural resource management: experiences in community engagement from southern Africa., J Environ Manage, 137, pp.137-145. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.11.057
  • Suckall N; Stringer LC; Tompkins EL (2014) Presenting Triple-Wins? Assessing Projects That Deliver Adaptation, Mitigation and Development Co-benefits in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa., Ambio, . doi: 10.1007/s13280-014-0520-0
  • Leventon J; Kalaba FK; Dyer JC; Stringer LC; Dougill AJ (2014) Delivering community benefits through REDD +: Lessons from Joint Forest Management in Zambia, Forest Policy and Economics, . doi: 10.1016/j.forpol.2014.03.005
  • Reed MS; Fazey I; Stringer LC; Raymond CM; Akhtar-Schuster M; Begni G; Bigas H; Brehm S; Briggs J; Bryce R; Buckmaster S; Chanda R; Davies J; Diez E; Essahli W; Evely A; Geeson N; Hartmann I; Holden J; Hubacek K; Ioris A; Kruger B; Laureano P; Phillipson (2013) Knowledge management for land degradation monitoring and assessment: an analysis of contemporary thinking, Land Degradation and Development, 24, pp.307-322. doi: 10.1002/ldr.1124
  • Simelton E; Quinn CH; Batisani N; Dougill AJ; Dyer J; Fraser E; Mkwambisi D; Sallu SM; Stringer L (2013) Is rainfall really changing? Farmers" perceptions, meteorological data, and policy implications, Climate and Development, 5, pp.123-138. doi: 10.1080/17565529.2012.751893
  • Stringer LC; Dougill AJ (2013) Channelling science into policy: enabling best practices from research on land degradation and sustainable land management in dryland Africa., J Environ Manage, 114, pp.328-335. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.10.025
  • Stringer LC; Paavola J (2013) Participation in environmental conservation and protected area management in Romania: A review of three case studies, Environmental Conservation, 40, pp.138-146. doi: 10.1017/S0376892913000039
  • Fazey I; Evely AC; Reed MS; Stringer LC; Kruijsen J; White PCL; Newsham A; Jin L; Cortazzi M; Phillipson J; Lowe P; Blackstock K; Entwistle N; Morton S; Sheate W; Armstrong F; Blackmore C; Fazey J; Ingram J; Gregson J; Trevitt C (2013) Knowledge exchange: A review and research agenda for environmental management, Environmental Conservation, 40, pp.19-36. doi: 10.1017/S037689291200029X
  • Duvenage I; Langston C; Stringer LC; Dunstan K (2013) Grappling with biofuels in Zimbabwe: Depriving or sustaining societal and environmental integrity?, Journal of Cleaner Production, 42, pp.132-140. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.011
  • Dyer JC; Leventon J; Stringer LC; Dougill AJ; Syampungani S; Nshimbi M; Chama F; Kafwifwi A (2013) Partnership models for climate compatible development: experiences from Zambia, Resources, 2, pp.1-38. doi: 10.3390/resources2010001
  • Duvenage I; Stringer LC; Langston C; Dunstan K (2013) Understanding Sustainable Biofuel Development: a sub-Saharan Africa Perspective, African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 2, pp.72-98.
  • Reed MS; Hubacek K; Prell C; Bonn A; Burt TP; Worrall F; Holden J; Stringer LC; Beharry-Borg N; Chapman PJ; Cornell SJ; Dougill AJ; Irvine BJ; Kirkby MJ; Kunin WE; Quinn CH; Buckmaster S; Chapman D; Clay GD; Evely AC; Fraser EDG; Jin N; Slee B; Stagl S; T (2013) Anticipating and managing future trade-offs and complementarities between ecosystem services, Ecology and Society, 18, . doi: 10.5751/ES-04924-180105
  • Reed MS; Kenter J; Bonn A; Broad K; Burt TP; Fazey IR; Fraser EDG; Hubacek K; Nainggolan D; Quinn CH; Stringer LC; Ravera F (2013) Participatory scenario development for environmental management: A methodological framework illustrated with experience from the UK uplands, Journal of Environmental Management, 128, pp.345-362. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.05.016
  • Stringer LC; Fleskens L; Reed MS; de Vente J; Zengin M (2013) Participatory evaluation of monitoring and modeling of sustainable land management technologies in areas prone to land degradation, Environmental Management (New York): an international journal for decision-makers, scientists and environmental auditors, . doi: 10.1007/s00267-013-0126-5
  • Antwi-Agyei P; Dougill AJ; Stringer LC; Fraser EDG (2013) Characterising the nature of household vulnerability to climate variability: Empirical evidence from two regions of Ghana, Environment, Development and Sustainability, 15, pp.903-926. doi: 10.1007/s10668-012-9418-9
  • Glew D; Stringer LC; McQueen-Mason S (2013) Achieving sustainable biomaterials by maximising waste recovery, Waste Management, 33, pp.1499-1508. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2013.03.005
  • Reed MS; Podesta G; Letson D; Fazey I; Geeson N; Hessel R; Ritsema C; Hubacek K; Nainggolan D; Stringer LC; Prell C; Rickenbach MG; Schwilch G; Thomas AD (2013) Combining analytical frameworks to assess livelihood vulnerability to climate change and analyse adaptation options, Ecological Economics, 94, pp.66-77. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.07.007
  • Fleskens L; Nainggolan D; Stringer LC (2013) An Exploration of Scenarios to Support Sustainable Land Management Using Integrated Environmental Socio-economic Models, Environmental Management (New York): an international journal for decision-makers, scientists and environmental auditors, . doi: 10.1007/s00267-013-0202-x
  • Favretto N; Stringer LC; Dougill AJ (2013) Unpacking livelihood challenges and opportunities in energy crop cultivation: Perspectives on Jatropha curcas projects in Mali, Geographical Journal, . doi: 10.1111/geoj.12053
  • Yitbarek TW; Belliethathan S; Stringer LC (2012) The Onsite Cost of Gully Erosion and Cost-Benefit of Gully Rehabilitation: a case study in Ethiopia, Land Degradation and Development, 23, pp.157-166. doi: 10.1002/ldr.1065
  • Dyer JC; Stringer LC; Dougill AJ (2012) Jatropha curcas: Sowing local seeds of success in Malawi?. In response to Achten et al. (2010), Journal of Arid Environments, 79, pp.107-110. doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.12.004
  • Antwi-Agyei P; Fraser EDG; Dougill AJ; Stringer LC; Simelton E (2012) Mapping Food System Vulnerability to Drought Using Rainfall, Yield and Socioeconomic Data for Ghana, Applied Geography, 32, pp.324-334. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2011.06.010
  • Stringer LC; Dougill AJ; Thomas AD; Spracklen DV; Chesterman S; Ifejika Speranza C; Rueff H; Riddell M; Williams M; Beedy T; Abson DJ; Klintenberg P; Syampungani S; Powell P; Palmer AR; Seely MK; Mkwambisi DD; Falcao M; Sitoe A; Ross S; Kopolo G (2012) Challenges and opportunities in linking carbon sequestration, livelihoods and ecosystem service provision in drylands, Environmental Science and Policy, 19-20, pp.121-135. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.02.004
  • Thomas RJ; Akhtar-Schuster M; Stringer LC; Marques MJ; Escadafal R; Abraham E; Enne G (2012) Fertile ground? Options for a science-policy platform for land, Environmental Science and Policy, 16, pp.122-135. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2011.11.002
  • Stringer LC; Dougill AJ; Dyer JC; Kalaba FK; Mkwambisi DD; Mngoli M (2012) Challenges and opportunities for carbon management in Malawi and Zambia, Carbon Management, 3, pp.159-173. doi: 10.4155/cmt.12.14
  • Gnacadja L; Stringer LC (2012) Towards a Global Authority on Desertification and Land Degradation, Environmental Policy and Law, 42, pp.87-89.
  • Afionis S; Stringer LC (2012) European Union leadership in biofuels regulation: Europe as a normative power?, Journal of Cleaner Production, 32, pp.114-123. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.03.034
  • Abson DJ; Dougill AJ; Stringer LC (2012) Using Principal Component Analysis for information-rich socio-ecological vulnerability mapping in Southern Africa, Applied Geography, 35, pp.515-524. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.08.004
  • Duvenage I; Taplin R; Stringer L (2012) Bioenergy project appraisal in sub-Saharan Africa: Sustainability barriers and opportunities in Zambia, Natural Resources Forum, 36, pp.167-180. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-8947.2012.01453.x
  • Dougill AJ; Stringer LC; Leventon J; Riddell M; Rueff H; Spracklen DV; Butt E (2012) Lessons from community-based payment for ecosystem service schemes: from forests to rangelands., Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 367, pp.3178-3190. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0418
  • Duvenage I; Taplin R; Stringer LC (2012) Towards implementation and achievement of sustainable biofuel development in Africa, Environment, Development and Sustainability, 14, pp.993-1012. doi: 10.1007/s10668-012-9368-2
  • Reed MS; Buenemann M; Atlhopheng J; Akhtar-Schuster M; Bachmann F; Bastin G; Bigas H; Chanda R; Dougill AJ; Essahli W; Evely AC; Geeson N; Fleskens L; Glass JH; Hessel R; Holden J; Ioris AAR; Kruger B; Liniger HP; Mphinyane W; Nainggolan D; Perkins J; Ray (2011) Cross-scale monitoring and assessment of land degradation and sustainable land management: A methodological framework for knowledge management, Land Degradation & Development, 22, pp.161-171. doi: 10.1002/ldr.1087
  • Akhtar-Schuster M; Thomas RJ; Stringer LC; Chasek P; Seely MK (2011) Improving the enabling environment to combat land degradation: institutional, financial, legal and science-policy challenges and solutions, Land Degradation and Development, 22, pp.299-312. doi: 10.1002/ldr.1058
  • Chasek P; Essahli W; Akhtar-Schuster M; Stringer LC; Thomas RJ (2011) Integrated Land degradation monitoring and assessment: Horizontal knowledge management at the national and international levels, Land Degradation and Development, 22, pp.272-284. doi: 10.1002/ldr.1096
  • Gomar JOV; Stringer LC (2011) Moving towards sustainability? An analysis of CITES" conservation policies, Journal of Environmental Policy and Governance, 21, pp.240-258. doi: 10.1002/eet.577
  • Twyman C; Fraser EDG; Stringer LC; Quinn C; Dougill AJ; Ravera F; Crane TA; Sallu SM (2011) Climate Science, Development Practice, and Policy Interactions in Dryland Agroecological Systems, ECOL SOC, 16, . doi: 10.5751/ES-04261-160314
  • Duvenage I; Taplin R; Stringer LC (2011) Appropriate Climate Change Solutions: Towards Sustainable Bioenergy Agro-production in Africa for Energy Equality and Poverty Alleviation, The International Journal of Climate Change Impacts and Responses, 2, pp.101-114.
  • Whitfield S; Reed MS; Thomson K; Christie ME; Stringer LC; Quinn CH; Anderson AR; Moxey A; Hubacek K (2011) K Managing peatland ecosystem services: current UK policy and future challenges in a changing world, Scottish Geographical Journal, 127, pp.209-230. doi: 10.1080/14702541.2011.616864
  • Sallu SM; Twyman C; Stringer LC (2010) Resilient or vulnerable livelihoods? Assessing livelihood dynamics and trajectories in rural Botswana., Ecology and Society: a journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability, 15, .
  • Fazey I; Gamarra JGP; Fischer J; Reed MS; Stringer LC; Christie M (2010) Adaptation strategies for reducing vulnerability to future environmental change, FRONT ECOL ENVIRON, 8, pp.414-422. doi: 10.1890/080215
  • Reed MS; Evely AC; Cundill G; Fazey I; Glass J; Laing A; Newig J; Parrish B; Prell C; Raymond C; Stringer LC (2010) What is Social Learning?, Ecology and Society, 15, .
  • Raymond CM; Fazey I; Reed MS; Stringer L; Robinson GM; Evely AC (2010) Integrating local and scientific knowledge for environmental management, Journal of Environmental Management, 91, pp.1766-1777. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.03.023
  • Stringer LC; Thomas RJ; Akhtar-Schuster M (2010) Expand scientific input to address environmental effects, NATURE, 465, pp.869-869. doi: 10.1038/465869c
  • Stringer L; Mkwambisi D; Dougill AJ; Dyer JC (2010) Household and policy adaptations to climate change and desertification: perspectives from Malawi, Climate and Development, pp.145-160. doi: 10.3763/cdev.2010.0042
  • Stringer L; Dyer J; Reed MS; Dougill AJ; Twyman C; Mkwambisi D (2009) Adaptations to climate change, drought and desertification: insights to enhance policy in southern Africa, Environmental Science and Policy, 12, pp.748-765. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2009.04.002
  • HUBACEK K; BEHARRY N; BONN A; BURT T; HOLDEN J; RAVERA F; REED M; STRINGER L; TARRASÓN D (2009) Ecosystem services in dynamic and contested landscapes: the case of UK uplands., In: Winter M; Lobley M (Ed) What Is Land For?, Earthscan / James & James.
  • Stringer L (2009) Reviewing the links between desertification and food insecurity: from parallel challenges to synergistic solutions., Food Security, 1, pp.113-126. doi: 10.1007/s12571-009-0016-0
  • Fraser EDG; Stringer LC (2009) Explaining agricultural collapse: Macro-forces, micro-crises and the emergence of land use vulnerability in southern Romania, GLOBAL ENVIRON CHANG, 19, pp.45-53. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.11.001
  • Reed MS; Graves A; Dandy N; Posthumus H; Hubacek K; Morris J; Prell C; Quinn CH; Stringer LC (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management, J ENVIRON MANAGE, 90, pp.1933-1949. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001
  • Foxon T; Reed M; Stringer L (2009) Governing long-term social-ecological change: what can the adaptive management and transition management approaches learn from each other?, Environmental Policy and Governance, 19, pp.3-20. doi: 10.1002/eet.496
  • Reed MS; Bonn A; Slee W; Beharry-Borg N; Birch J; Brown I; Burt TP; Chapman D; Chapman PJ; Clay G; Cornell S; Fraser EDG; Holden J; Hodgson J; Hubacek K; Irvine B; Jin N; Kirkby MJ; Kunin W; Moore O; Moseley D; Prell C; Quinn C; Redpath S; Stagl S; String (2009) The future of the uplands., Land Use Policy, 26, pp.202-216.
  • Stringer LC (2009) Testing the orthodoxies of land degradation policy in Swaziland, LAND USE POLICY, 26, pp.157-168. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.01.008
  • Bauer S; Stringer LC (2009) The role of science in the global governance of desertification, Journal of Environment and Development, 18, pp.248-267. doi: 10.1177/1070496509338405
  • Stringer LC; Scrieciu SS; Reed MS (2009) Biodiversity, land degradation, and climate change: Participatory planning in Romania, APPL GEOGR, 29, pp.77-90. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2008.07.008
  • Stringer L (2008) Can the UN Convention to Combat Desertification guide sustainable use of the world's soils?, FRONT ECOL ENVIRON, 6, pp.138-144. doi: 10.1890/070060
  • Stringer LC (2008) Reviewing the international year of deserts and Desertification 2006: What contribution towards combating global desertification and implementing the united nations convention to combat desertification?, J ARID ENVIRON, 72, pp.2065-2074. doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2008.06.010
  • Foxon T; Stringer LC; Reed MS (2008) Approaches to governing long-term social-ecological change: Comparing adaptive management and transition management, Oekologisches Wirtschaften, pp.20-22.
  • Bauer S; Stringer LC (2008) Science and policy in the global governance of desertification. An analysis of institutional interplay under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification , GLOGOV, 35, .
  • Stringer LC; Twyman C; Gibbs LM (2008) Learning from the South: common challenges and solutions for small-scale farming, GEOGR J, 174, pp.235-250.
  • Scrieciu SS; Stringer LC (2008) The transformation of post-Communist societies in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union: an economic and ecological sustainability perspective, European Environment, 18, pp.168-185. doi: 10.1002/eet.480
  • Stringer LC (2008) From global environmental discourse to local adaptations and responses: A desertification research agenda for Central Asia, In: Behnke R (Ed) SOCIO-ECONOMIC CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF DESERTIFICATION IN CENTRAL ASIA pp.13-31.
  • Holden J; Shotbolt L; Bonn A; Burt TP; Chapman PJ; Dougill AJ; Fraser EDG; Hubacek K; Irvine B; Kirkby MJ; Reed MS; Prell C; Stagl S; Stringer LC; Turner A; Worrall F (2007) Environmental change in moorland landscapes, EARTH-SCI REV, 82, pp.75-100. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2007.01.003
  • Scrieciu SS; Stringer LC (2007) Agriculture, land reform and the environment in post-socialist Romania, Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 4, pp.43-56.
  • Parish F; Silvius M; Reed MS; Stringer LC; Joosten H; Suryadiputra N; Lin CK (2007) Management of peatlands for biodiversity and climate change , In: Parish F; Sirin A; Charman D; Joosten H; Minaeva T; Silvius M (Ed) Assessment on peatlands, biodiversity and climate change, Global Environment Centre, Kuala Lumpur & Wetlands International Wageningen, pp.pp.9-1 --9-23.
  • Stringer LC (2007) Review of: Governing Global Desertification edited by P. M. Johnson, K. Mayrand and M. Paquin, Journal of Modern African Studies, 45, pp.325-327. doi: 10.1017/S0022278X07002595
  • Stringer LC; Twyman C; Thomas DSG (2007) Learning to reduce degradation on Swaziland's arable land: enhancing understandings of Striga asiatica, Land Degradation and Development, 18, pp.163-177. doi: 10.1002/ldr.768
  • Stringer LC; Reed MS (2007) Land degradation assessment in southern Africa: Integrating local and scientific knowledge bases, LAND DEGRAD DEV, 18, pp.99-116. doi: 10.1002/ldr.760
  • Stringer LC; Thomas DSG; Twyman C (2007) From global politics to local land users: applying the United Nations Convention to combat desertification in Swaziland, The Geographical Journal, 173, pp.129-142. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2007.00226.x
  • Stringer LC; Twyman C; Thomas DSG (2007) Combating land degradation through participatory means: the case of Swaziland, Ambio, 36, pp.387-393. doi: 10.1579/0044-7447(2007)36[387:CLDTPM]2.0.CO;2
  • Stringer LC; Reed MS; Dougill AJ; Seely MK; Rokitzki M (2007) Implementing the UNCCD: Participatory challenges, NAT RESOUR FORUM, 31, pp.198-211.
  • Reed MS; Stringer LC (2007) Unravelling desertification: Policies and actor networks in Southern Europe, J RURAL STUD, 23, pp.491-492. doi: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2006.11.005
  • Dougill AJ; Fraser EDG; Holden J; Hubacek K; Prell C; Reed MS; Stagl S; Stringer LC (2006) Learning from doing participatory rural research: Lessons from the Peak District National Park, J AGR ECON, 57, pp.259-275.
  • Stringer LC; Dougill AJ; Fraser E; Hubacek K; Prell C; Reed MS (2006) Unpacking "participation" in the adaptive management of social ecological systems: A critical review, ECOL SOC, 11, .
  • Stringer LC (2006) The UN Convention to Combat Desertification, .
  • Hubacek K; Reed MS; Burt TP; Chapman PJ; Dougill AJ; Fraser EDG; Holden J; Kirkby MJ; Prell C; Shotbolt L; Stagl S; Stringer LC; Turner AGD; Worrall F (2005) Sustainable Upland Management for Multiple Benefits, RELU Annual Conference: The Challenge for Research, Birmingham 19-21 January .
  • Richardson T; Stringer LC; Meth P (2005) Everyday life and Spatial Governance, Research Papers in Town and Regional Planning: TRP 147 , University of Sheffield Department of Town and Regional Planning, pp.1-52.
  • Dougill AJ; Reed MS; Hubacek K; Burt TP; Chapman PJ; Fraser EDG; Holden J; Kirkby MJ; Prell C; Shotbolt L; Stagl S; Stringer LC; Turner AGD; Worrall F (2005) Managing Uncertainty in Dynamic Socio-Environmental Systems: An Application to UK Uplands, People and the Environment: Scoping the Research Agenda, RELU and LUPG (Land Use Policy Group) joint meeting, King's Manor, University of York, 18th May .
  • Hubacek K; Dougill AJ; Fraser EDG; Holden J; Prell C; Reed MS; Stagl S; Stringer LC (2005) Doing Adaptive Learning Rural Research: Lessons from the Peak District National Park, Bioscene: Scenarios for reconciling biodiversity conservation with declining agricultural use in the mountains of Europe .