School of Earth and Environment

Chris Dearden Dr Chris Dearden

CEMAC Software Development Scientist

Email address:

Affiliation: Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science


Chris began his career in atmospheric science when he joined the Met Office Hadley Centre in 2003 as a member of the Climate Model Development and Evaluation group. Chris worked on a number of UM-based projects and served as Configuration Manager for the HadGEM2 project. During this time he also studied for an MSc in Weather, Climate and Modelling at the University of Reading, which he completed in 2006.

In 2007, Chris left the Met Office to undertake a PhD in cloud microphysics at the University of Manchester, involving the use of a variety of cloud process models and regional weather models, including the Weather Research and Forecasting Model.

Following his PhD, Chris remained at Manchester as a postdoctoral researcher on the NERC-funded DIAMET project. In 2014 he became a Research Fellow and worked on two EU funded projects (BACCHUS and DACCIWA), involving the use of PolarWRF and the Met Office-NERC-Cloud model respectively.

In January 2018, Chris joined CEMAC as a Software Development Scientist. He is currently working with the Met Office Unified Model on a range of technical projects.


MPHYS Physics with Cosmology (Lancaster University, 2002)

MSc Weather, Climate and Modelling (University of Reading, 2006)

PhD Atmospheric Science (University of Manchester, 2011). PhD Title: Exploring the effects of microphysical complexity in numerical simulations of liquid and mixed-phase clouds


Associate Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society

Research Interests


  • Stevens RG; Loewe K; Dearden C; Dimitrelos A; Possner A; Eirund GK; Raatikainen T; Hill AA; Shipway BJ; Wilkinson J; Romakkaniemi S; Tonttila J; Laaksonen A; Korhonen H; Connolly P; Lohmann U; Hoose C; Ekman AML; Carslaw KS; Field PR (2018) A model intercomparison of CCN-limited tenuous clouds in the high Arctic, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18, pp.11041-11071. doi: 10.5194/acp-18-11041-2018
  • Young G; Connolly PJ; Dearden C; Choularton TW (2018) Relating large-scale subsidence to convection development in Arctic mixed-phase marine stratocumulus, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18, pp.1475-1494. doi: 10.5194/acp-18-1475-2018
  • Vaughan G; Antonescu B; Schultz DM; Dearden C (2017) Invigoration and capping of a convective rainband ahead of a potential vorticity anomaly, Monthly Weather Review, 145, pp.2093-2117. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0397.1
  • Farrington RJ; Connolly PJ; Lloyd G; Bower KN; Flynn MJ; Gallagher MW; Field PR; Dearden C; Choularton TW (2016) Comparing model and measured ice crystal concentrations in orographic clouds during the INUPIAQ campaign, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, pp.4945-4966. doi: 10.5194/acp-16-4945-2016
  • Dearden C; Vaughan G; Tsai T; Chen JP (2016) Exploring the diabatic role of ice microphysical processes in two north atlantic summer cyclones, Monthly Weather Review, 144, pp.1249-1272. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-15-0253.1
  • Field PR; Lawson RP; Brown PRA; Lloyd G; Westbrook C; Moisseev D; Miltenberger A; Nenes A; Blyth A; Choularton T; Connolly P; Buehl J; Crosier J; Cui Z; Dearden C; DeMott P; Flossmann A; Heymsfield A; Huang Y; Kalesse H; Kanji ZA; Korolev A; Kirchgaessner A; Lasher-Trapp S; Leisner T; McFarquhar G; Phillips V; Stith J; Sullivan S (2016) Chapter 7. Secondary Ice Production - current state of the science and recommendations for the future, Meteorological Monographs. Ice Formation and Evolution in Clouds and Precipitation: Measurement and Modeling Challenges, . doi: 10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-16-0014.1
  • Vaughan G; Methven J; Anderson D; Antonescu B; Baker L; Baker TP; Ballard SP; Bower KN; Brown PRA; Chagnon J; Choularton TW; Chylik J; Connolly PJ; Cook PA; Cotton RJ; Crosier J; Dearden C; Dorsey JR; Frame THA; Gallagher MW; Goodliff M; Gray SL; Harvey BJ; Knippertz P; Lean HW; Li D; Lloyd G; Martínez-Alvarado O; Nicol J; Norris J; Öström E; Owen J; Parker DJ; Plant RS; Renfrew IA; Roberts NM; Rosenberg P; Rudd AC; Schultz DM; Taylor JP; Trzeciak T; Tubbs R; Vance AK; Van Leeuwen PJ; Wellpott A; Woolley A (2015) Cloud banding and winds in intense European cyclones: Results from the DIAMET project, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, pp.249-265. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00238.1
  • Crosier J; Choularton TW; Westbrook CD; Blyth AM; Bower KN; Connolly PJ; Dearden C; Gallagher MW; Cui Z; Nicol JC (2014) Microphysical properties of cold frontal rainbands, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140, pp.1257-1268. doi: 10.1002/qj.2206
  • Lloyd G; Dearden C; Choularton TW; Crosier J; Bower KN (2014) Observations of the origin and distribution of ice in cold, warm, and occluded frontal systems during the DIAMET campaign, Monthly Weather Review, 142, pp.4230-4255. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00396.1
  • Dearden C; Connolly PJ; Lloyd G; Crosier J; Bower KN; Choularton TW; Vaughan G (2014) Diabatic Heating and Cooling Rates Derived from In Situ Microphysics Measurements: A Case Study of a Wintertime U.K. Cold Front, Monthly Weather Review, 142, pp.3100-3125. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-14-00048.1
  • Connolly PJ; Vaughan G; May PT; Chemel C; Allen G; Choularton TW; Gallagher MW; Bower KN; Crosier J; Dearden C (2013) Can aerosols influence deep tropical convection? Aerosol indirect effects in the Hector island thunderstorm, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139, pp.2190-2208. doi: 10.1002/qj.2083
  • Connolly PJ; Vaughan G; Cook P; Allen G; Coe H; Choularton TW; Dearden C; Hill A (2013) Modelling the effects of gravity waves on stratocumulus clouds observed during VOCALS-UK, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, pp.7133-7152. doi: 10.5194/acp-13-7133-2013
  • Dearden C; Connolly PJ; Choularton T; Field PR; Heymsfield AJ (2012) Factors influencing ice formation and growth in simulations of a mixed-phase wave cloud, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 4, . doi: 10.1029/2012MS000163
  • Crawford I; Bower KN; Choularton TW; Dearden C; Crosier J; Westbrook C; Capes G; Coe H; Connolly PJ; Dorsey JR; Gallagher MW; Williams P; Trembath J; Cui Z; Blyth A (2012) Ice formation and development in aged, wintertime cumulus over the UK: Observations and modelling, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, pp.4963-4985. doi: 10.5194/acp-12-4963-2012
  • Martin GM; Bellouin N; Collins WJ; Culverwell ID; Halloran PR; Hardiman SC; Hinton TJ; Jones CD; McDonald RE; McLaren AJ; O'Connor FM; Roberts MJ; Rodriguez JM; Woodward S; Best MJ; Brooks ME; Brown AR; Butchart N; Dearden C; Derbyshire SH; Dharssi I; Doutriaux-Boucher M; Edwards JM; Falloon PD; Gedney N; Gray LJ; Hewitt HT; Hobson M; Huddleston MR; Hughes J; Ineson S; Ingram WJ; James PM; Johns TC; Johnson CE; Jones A; Jones CP; Joshi MM; Keen AB; Liddicoat S; Lock AP; Maidens AV; Manners JC; Milton SF; Rae JGL; Ridley JK; Sellar A; Senior CA; Totterdell IJ; Verhoef A; Vidale PL; Wiltshire A (2011) The HadGEM2 family of Met Office Unified Model climate configurations, Geoscientific Model Development, 4, pp.723-757. doi: 10.5194/gmd-4-723-2011
  • Dearden C; Connolly PJ; Choularton TW; Field PR (2011) Evaluating the effects of microphysical complexity in idealised simulations of trade wind cumulus using the Factorial Method, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, pp.2729-2746. doi: 10.5194/acp-11-2729-2011
  • Dearden C (2009) Investigating the simulation of cloud microphysical processes in numerical models using a one-dimensional dynamical framework, Atmospheric Science Letters, 10, pp.207-214. doi: 10.1002/asl.239
  • Pope V; Brown S; Clark R; Collins M; Collins W; Dearden C; Gunson J; Harris G; Jones C; Keen A; Lowe J; Ringer M; Senior C; Sitch S; Webb M; Woodward S (2007) The Met Office Hadley Centre climate modelling capability: The competing requirements for improved resolution, complexity and dealing with uncertainty, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 365, pp.2635-2657. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2007.2087
  • Martin GM; Ringer MA; Pope VD; Jones A; Dearden C; Hinton TJ (2006) The physical properties of the atmosphere in the new Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM1). Part 1: Model description and global climatology, Journal of Climate, 19, pp.1274-1301. doi: 10.1175/JCLI3636.1